Arsenal Is Ample for Small War or Lessons Thereof

Times Staff Writer

Ramona can thank its lucky stars that Gary Harper is a mild-mannered man. Harper, an Army veteran, has enough military equipment in his backyard to start a small war, and to win it.

Townsfolk took little notice of Harper's warlike hobby until recently, when he parked a borrowed tank next to his house, the barrel of its 37-millimeter cannon pointing into the bays of his Quick Service carwash on California 67. That got their attention.

But Harper isn't even trying to discourage the Avon lady from ringing his doorbell. He just ran out of room within his walled military compound, packed with odds and ends of wars already won or lost.

Cluttering his compound and his living room are military relics dating from medieval times through the Vietnam War.

There's a heavy truck, a personnel carrier, a couple of jeeps, an ammunition carrier Harper is converting into a German tank, some artillery pieces and a BMW motorcycle--complete with jump seat and sidecar--that did triple duty in World War II.

Machine Gun Aboard

The khaki-colored three-wheeler was a message carrier, a VIP ferry and a fighting machine. A post mounted on the sidecar could be fitted with a machine gun manned by the sidecar driver. Ammo was carried by a third man riding on the jump seat.

His favorite bits of paraphernalia include some vintage rifles from the Civil War era and a military pith bonnet from the days when Britannia ruled the waves, more familiar to movie buffs as the type of topper Errol Flynn might have worn in his roles as a dashing British cavalry officer in India.

The question he's always asked usually comes after he has given a visitor a quick tour of the compound, the storage rooms full of uniforms and gear, the machine shop with its gun racks full of firepower: Why does he collect all these relics of death and dying?

It started, Harper said, when he couldn't square the war stories of his father, a World War II Air Force veteran, with the story lines of television shows such as "Rat Patrol" and "Combat." He started reading and collecting to find out what really happened during the war.

"I was in junior high school before I ever learned anything about World War II," he said, "and I don't want my kids to be like that."

During a four-year Army hitch in Germany during the 1970s, Harper began accumulating military gear in earnest, sending his loot back to the States. But luck led him to a lot of his prizes: a Navy spyglass found at a Ramona yard sale, a military truck abandoned in a ravine, there for the taking.

Harper and other collectors have some strong competition from Japanese tourists who come to the United States to buy up souvenirs from Pacific battles. Japanese battle flags, samurai swords and the other souvenirs of island battles of World War II often make the round trip back to Japan, he said.

The Stuart M3A3 tank that is parked by Harper's front door is on loan from a friend who has a Buena Park museum featuring relics from world wars. Harper has promised to modify the cannon so that it will shoot blanks and to do a tuneup on the engine, "which is running a little rough." Then the juggernaut will be in line for a role in some future war epic film.

Harper has had the U.S.-built war machine out for a spin on its rubber treads and reports that it is very maneuverable and definitely built to fit short, skinny drivers. To descend into the Stuart's innards, Harper said, "I have to go in with my arms above my head."

Legality Question

Harper said he gets numerous queries about the legality of owning such high-powered weapons. State and federal laws are relatively simple, he said, and allow a person to own about anything he wants if he can show a need for it and can demonstrate security measures to protect it from falling into unauthorized hands.

Kimberley Harper said that she doesn't mind her husband's hobby, "as long as it's safe for the children," ages 4, 5 and 6. She was noncommittal about the collection of swords and sabers leaning in the corners and the display of bayonets and Bowie knives leaning against the wall. She counters the militaristic hardware with a hobby of her own, caring for stray animals, which occupy pens in the family's large front room.

Surprising Extras

Sometimes Harper finds a bonus when he picks up a bit of military history. Musette bags used by troops to carry personal items sometimes come still equipped with soap, washcloth and a PX ration card. Once in a while, Harper will find a note, with name and address of some young woman on a long-ago assembly line, tucked into the pocket of a ditty bag in hopes that some soldier will write to her. And once, while disassembling an Iranian rifle, vintage 1940s or 1950s, Harper removed a plate from the stock to find underneath what probably were prayers written on thin sheets of paper.

Harper's army comes equipped with uniforms of many nations and many wars. A stickler for detail, he sometimes has the rough woolen jackets altered to restore them to their wartime styles after earlier owners have turned them into civilian wear.

Harper's hobby is not a static one. He and about 100 other Southern Californians head out into the hills one weekend each month to refight past battles as accurately as recorded events will allow. Most recently Harper fought in the Battle of the Huertgen Forest, a Belgian skirmish at the time of the Battle of the Bulge. As a recently promoted Hauptscharfuhrer (equivalent of a master sergeant), Harper led his German unit into the simulated fray near Big Bear, despite rainy weather and chilling temperatures.

Debriefing Ensues

After the two- to three-hour mock battles, the troops from both sides gather at the campgrounds for a beer or two or three, to refight the engagement and to argue about how it could have ended if the original combatants had had the benefit of hindsight that their counterparts have more than 40 years later.

Afterward, it was on to the Big Bear VFW for a steak dinner.

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