Andrei D. Sakharov, the father of the Soviet dissident movement, finally received a 1973 human rights award during his first trip to New York City. Sakharov, 67, received the award from the International League for Human Rights at a reception at the home of Ronald Lauder, the former U.S. ambassador to Austria. The Nobel Peace Prize winner is on his first trip to the West, less than two years after Soviet leader Mikhail S. Gorbachev freed him from internal exile in the city of Gorky. About 200 guests, including author Elie Wiesel, Brooklyn Dist. Atty. Elizabeth Holtzman and ABC TV’s Barbara Walters, attended the reception.