THE MAP CATALOG: Every Kind of Map on Earth and Even Some Above It by Joel Makower (Random House: $18; 364 pp . , illustrated). Makower estimates that more than a half-billion maps, globes and atlases are produced in the United States every year. He explains the uses and origins of various types of maps, and provides thorough lists of dealers, libraries and state and federal map agencies, including the U.S. Geological Survey. (Readers can obtain an order form and current list from the U. S. G. S. by dialing 1-800-USA-MAPS.) A valuable reference for travelers, hikers, property buyers and anyone interested in the physical configuration of the planet.