Found in Space: A Big X Prize
The designers of the first privately funded manned rocket to burst into space were handed a $10-million check Saturday, a prize designed to encourage technology that would open the heavens to tourists.
SpaceShipOne designer Burt Rutan accepted the Ansari X Prize money, along with a 150-pound trophy, as a chase plane flew over the ceremony in a field adjacent to the St. Louis Science Center.
The rocket plane, financed with more than $20 million from Microsoft billionaire Paul Allen, qualified for the prize by blasting into space twice in five days last month.
“Eight years ago, we stood here and said one day someone is going to do something no one’s ever done before,” said Doug King, president of the Science Center.
The X Prize, offered to the first team to get into space twice in a 14-day span, will now evolve into a regular competition called the X Prize Cup, an annual event “where the average person can come and watch the next generations of space vehicles fly,” according to the organization’s website.
More than two dozen teams worldwide began projects in hopes of winning the original X Prize, and prize founder Peter Diamandis, a Santa Monica entrepreneur, said the purpose of the annual competition was to keep such groups going with a “grand prix of space.”
The prize got its start in St. Louis in 1996, when Diamandis read Charles Lindbergh’s “The Spirit of St. Louis” and realized how aviation contests, like the $25,000 Orteig prize awarded to Lindbergh, helped launch mainstream air travel.
Several aviation enthusiasts donated $25,000 apiece toward the prize. The Ansari family of Texas then pledged more than $1 million, which helped draw more investors.
SpaceShipOne, which took off from Mojave Airport, completed the first flight Sept. 29 and a second flight Oct. 4.
Richard Branson, the British billionaire who owns Virgin Atlantic Airways, announced that beginning in 2007, he would sell suborbital space rides for about $200,000 per person, using the technology of SpaceShipOne.
Branson has said more than 7,000 people have shown interest.
“We’ve always known that our prize is just a start,” said Gregg Maryniak, the X Prize’s executive director. “The real prize is the business, opening the frontiers of space for everyone.”