‘The Iraqis and the Rest of the World Can Be Proud’
Today Iraqi political leaders completed the process for drafting a permanent constitution. Their example is an inspiration to all who share the universal values of freedom, democracy and the rule of law. The negotiators and drafters of this document braved the intimidation of terrorists, and they mourn the cowardly assassination of friends and colleagues involved in the process of drafting the constitution.
Their efforts follow the bravery of the Iraqis who voted by the millions to elect a transitional government in January. The example of those voters remains a humbling testament to the power of free people to shape and define their own destiny. We honor their courage and sacrifice, and we are determined to see the Iraqis fully secure their democratic gains.
The Iraqi people have once again demonstrated to the world that they are up to the historic challenges before them. The document they have produced contains far-reaching protections for fundamental human freedoms, including religion, assembly, conscience and expression. It vests sovereignty in the people to be expressed by secret ballot and regular elections. It declares that all Iraqis are equal before the law without regard to gender, ethnicity and religion. This is a document of which the Iraqis and the rest of the world can be proud.
The political process now advances to another important stage for a new and free Iraq. In coming months, Iraqis will discuss and debate the draft constitution. On October the 15th, they will vote for a national referendum to decide whether to ratify the constitution and set the foundation for a permanent Iraqi government. If the referendum succeeds, Iraqis will elect a new government to serve under the new constitution on December the 15th, and that government will take office before the end of the year.
This course is going to be difficult, largely because the terrorists have chosen to wage war against a future of freedom.
They are waging war against peace in Iraq. As democracy in Iraq takes root, the enemies of freedom, the terrorists, will become more desperate, more despicable and more vicious.
Just last week, the terrorists called for the death of anyone, including women and the elderly, who supports the democratic process in Iraq. They have deliberately targeted children receiving candy from soldiers. They have targeted election workers registering Iraqis to vote. They have targeted hospital workers who are caring for the wounded. We can expect such atrocities to increase in the coming months because the enemy knows that its greatest defeat lies in the expression of free people, and freely enacted laws, and at the ballot box.
We will stand with the Iraqi people. It’s in our interest to stand with the Iraqi people. It’s in our interest to lay the foundation of peace. We’ll help them confront this barbarism, and we will triumph over the terrorists’ dark ideology of hatred and fear.
There have been disagreements amongst the Iraqis about this particular constitution. Of course there’s disagreements. We’re watching a political process unfold, a process that has encouraged debate and compromise, a constitution that was written in a society in which people recognize that there had to be give and take.
I want our folks to remember our own constitution was not unanimously received. Some delegates at the Philadelphia Convention in 1787 refused to sign it, and the draft was vigorously debated in every state, and the outcome was not assured until all the votes were counted.
We recognize that there’s a split amongst the Sunnis, for example, in Iraq. And I suspect that when you get down to it, you’ll find a Shia who disagrees with the constitution and Shia who support the constitution, and perhaps some Kurds who are concerned about the constitution. In other words, we’re watching a political process unfold. Some Sunnis have expressed reservations about various provisions of the constitution, and that’s their right as free individuals living in a free society. There are strong beliefs among other Sunnis that this constitution is good for all Iraqis and that it adequately reflects compromises suitable to all groups.
It’s important that all Iraqis now actively engage in the constitutional process by debating the merits of this important document and making an informed decision on October the 15th.
On behalf of the American people, I congratulate the people of Iraq on completing the next step in their transition from dictatorship to democracy. And I want to remind the American people, as the democracy unfolds in Iraq, not only will it help make America more secure, but it will affect the broader Middle East. Democracies don’t war with their neighbors; democracies don’t become safe haven for terrorists who want to destroy innocent life. We have hard work ahead of us, but we’re on the -- we’re making good progress toward making sure this world of ours is more peaceful for generations to come. Thank you very much.
The text of President Bush’s comments Sunday on the draft Iraqi constitution are from the White House Press Office.