Dinosaur-killing rock is downsized
The asteroid that wiped out the dinosaurs may not have been the whopper scientists thought.
An analysis of the chemical remains of the asteroid that can be found in sediment under the sea today shows the rock was about 2 1/2 miles wide, according to Francois Paquay, a geology graduate student at the University of Hawaii at Manoa.
That’s significantly smaller than the estimates of up to 12 miles wide that past researchers had suggested was the size of the dinosaur-killer, according to the research published Friday in the journal Science.
The dinosaurs, which roamed Earth for 160 million years, went extinct at the end of the Cretaceous period, about 65 million years ago. Scientists have studied a number of scenarios to explain the event, including global climate change.
The killer asteroid theory was bolstered two decades ago, when scientists found in rocks dating from the Cretaceous period a band of iridium, a metal rare on Earth but common in meteorites. The later discovery of the 110-mile-wide Chicxulub crater off Mexico’s Yucatan peninsula seemingly clinched that conclusion.
Paquay said he and his research team took a different approach to the problem of determining the size of the asteroid. Instead of focusing on iridium, he looked at sediments containing a form of the super-dense metal osmium.
Paquay measured the distribution of an osmium isotope found in meteorites. Because the percentage of osmium in meteorites is known, he could then calculate the size of the object.
He said researchers used the same technique to estimate the size of the asteroid that created the 63-mile-wide Popigai crater in Siberia at about 1.7 miles across. It was previously thought to be 2 1/2 miles across.