YOU'VE stuffed dozens of Chilean empanadas de pino (savory wheat pastries with spiced beef and onions), scoured online for a clay pot to cook an authentic Brazilian moqueca (seafood and coconut milk stew), and downloaded enough bossa nova tracks to last until the wee hours. All you need to get your guest's inner samba dancers moving is some off-the-beaten-path summer cocktails packed with fresh fruit and herbs. Aguardiente (fire water) to the rescue. Variations on classic South American cocktails such as pisco sours (a frothy citrus cocktail) and caipirinhas (a potent Brazilian specialty) are appearing on cocktail menus all over town, and they're a cinch to make at home for a crowd.
Pisco, the base for the pisco sour, is a grape brandy similar to grappa. It's found in the winemaking regions of Chile (where it's aged in oak barrels), as well as in Peru (where it's aged in clay pots).
The origin of the pisco sour is hotly debated (both countries claim it as their national cocktail). Most likely the drink -- Chilean or Peruvian pisco, egg whites and dash of bitters -- was first shaken up in the 1920s as a whiskey sour alternative.
The backbone of a caipirinha is cachaca, a Brazilian rum made from freshly pressed sugar cane juice that's typically light and fruity. Caipirinhas have an equally elusive history in Brazil. Cachaca production is traceable to 16th century Portuguese sugar cane plantations, but discussions about the origins of the cocktail are speculative. As Brazilian restaurants in the U.S. have become popular in recent years, the caipirinha, a refreshingly simple combination of muddled limes, sugar and cachaca has been appearing on cocktail menus.
Cocktails at play
Either cachaca and pisco is a winning match for summer citrus and fresh herbs, and both are inexpensive, usually less than $25 -- affordable enough to keep those caipirinhas and pisco sours going all night.
co-owner and chef Mary Sue Milliken says she was turned on to both cocktails 10 years ago after a vacation in Chile. "They're such festive drinks, and so easy too. For a caipirinha, you smash the fruit in a glass, add a little cachaca and sugar, and pisco is so clean and lovely you just need lemon juice and sugar."
From there, it's easy to play around with the classic recipes. In the tongue-twisting Caipitetra, Milliken substitutes muddled oranges and mint for the caipirinha's limes and uses fragrant honey instead of sugar to give the cocktail a floral edge. But she doesn't completely forgo lime juice -- a generous squeeze is included for acidity and balance. For a pretty do-ahead patio brunch refresher, you can juice the oranges ahead of time and muddle the orange wedges and mint -- mash them several times with a muddler or the back of a spoon -- before those empanadas are even out of the oven.
"Cachaca has a sweeter, lighter flavor than rum, with a fruity, fresh quality, so it works really well with things like strawberries and mango, not just citrus," says Philip Spee, bar manager at at the Beverly Hills Hotel.
It's that fragrant aroma and flavor that makes cachaca a natural partner with berries and tropical fruits.
At Ortega 120, a new Latin-fusion restaurant in Redondo Beach opening this weekend, co-owner Demetra Stevens packs enough fresh raspberries, strawberries and chunks of pineapple and peaches to fill a pint glass when she makes the caipirinha do fruta. She vigorously shakes the raspberries with cachaca until they dissolve to lend a pretty pink hue; the remaining fruit floats in the cocktail as a drinkable spiked fruit salad.
At Table 8 in Los Angeles, the pomegranate caipirinha -- a mix of pomegranate juice, lime and cachaca -- is decidedly more straightforward but no less festive.
Lime lovers experiment by playing around with herbal additions to the classic caipirinha. Sweet basil with its anise note lends a just-picked, sweet-and-savory flavor to Spee's Thaipirinha. You could also muddle fresh Thai or lemon basil for your own variation. Or try a version with mint, a close cousin to basil that lends a refreshing, cooling quality to what is essentially a summer mojito with lighter, fragrant cachaca substituted for the rum.
To MAKE a similar version at home, muddle your fresh herb of choice (Spee plans to experiment with cilantro next) with quartered limes and simple syrup. Fill a shaker with ice and add the cachaca, shake well and strain into an ice-filled glass. For a lighter cocktail, top off the drink with a splash of soda.
According to Ray Srp, master mixologist for the Bellagio in Las Vegas, "Pisco is a little more mellow than cachaca with a dry, fruity flavor from the grapes. It's more akin to vodka, although more aromatic but with the same versatility, so you can use it with a variety of fruits."
At the Bellagio, Srp serves a tasting flight of three pisco sours: lime, pomegranate and passion fruit. When experimenting with tropical fruits, he recommends adding the tartness of lemon or lime to temper the tendency for tropical cocktails to become too soft. (Which citrus depends on your palate. Peruvians typically use lime juice, but in Chile, lemon juice is more common. And of course, some varieties of lime are lemony.)
Srp's Sideways Sour is a play on pisco's origin in grapes, adding white grape juice and Pinot Noir (he recommends a jammy California Pinot to lend body). A shot of orange-scented Cointreau liqueur complements the fruity nose of the pisco -- a generous pour of assertive sweet and sour (lemon juice and simple syrup) prevents the cocktail from being cloying.
To make the dramatic cocktail for a party, combine the pisco, orange liqueur, grape juice and sweet and sour in a pitcher and pour over ice into cocktail glasses. Before handing a drink to each guest, slowly pour the wine over the back of a spoon so it floats on top (go ahead and use a good-quality Pinot; it can serve double duty as the dinner wine). Hand over the crimson-kissed cocktail, turn up the samba music, and settle in to enjoy sophisticated South American flair.
Total time: 15 minutes
Note: Adapted from Baccarat Bar, Bellagio Las Vegas. The sweet and sour will keep for 1 week, refrigerated.
Sweet and sour
1/4 cup sugar
1/2 cup fresh lemon juice
In a small saucepan, stir the sugar with one-fourth cup water over medium heat until the sugar dissolves. Cool. Combine the cooled simple syrup and lemon juice. Makes 1 cup (8 ounces).
8 ounces pisco
3 ounces Cointreau liqueur
6 ounces white grape juice
6 ounces sweet and sour
3 ounces California Pinot Noir
4 slices lemon
In a large pitcher filled with ice, add the pisco, Cointreau, grape juice and sweet and sour and stir to combine. Strain the cocktail into 4 old-fashioned glasses filled with ice. Slowly pour three-fourths ounce Pinot over the back of a spoon into each cocktail (the Pinot will float on top and slowly diffuse into the cocktail). Garnish with a lemon slice, and float the grapes on top of the drink (if they are still attached to the stem, you can hang the stem on the rim of the glass).
Each serving: 290 calories; 0 protein; 28 grams carbohydrates; 0 fiber; 0 fat; 0 cholesterol; 5 mg. sodium.
Total time: 8 minutes
Note: Adapted from Ciudad. Use organic oranges and wash the rind well before slicing.
1/2 small orange plus 1 wedge for garnish
1 ounce fresh orange juice
6 fresh mint leaves, each leaf torn in thirds, plus 1 sprig for garnish
1 teaspoon honey
2 ounces cachaca
1. Cut the orange half into four wedges and remove the seeds. Place the orange wedges, juice, torn mint leaves and honey into a wide-bottomed rocks glass.
2. Using a muddler or the back of a spoon, muddle firmly five or six times, until the mint is bruised and the orange wedges have released some of their juice. Add ice to fill the glass. Squeeze the lime over the top, add the cachaca, and stir well to combine. Garnish with the orange wedge and mint sprig.
Each serving: 188 calories; 0 protein; 15 grams carbohydrates; 0 fiber; 0 grams fat; 0 cholesterol; 2 mg. sodium.
Total time: 6 minutes
Note: Adapted from Bar Nineteen 12 bar manager Philip Spee. To make simple syrup, combine equal parts sugar and water in a small saucepan and heat until sugar dissolves.
6 lime wedges
5 basil leaves
1/2 ounce simple syrup
2 ounces cachaca
1 ounce soda, or to taste
1. Combine five of the lime wedges, four of the basil leaves and the simple syrup in a cocktail shaker. Using a muddler or the back of a spoon, muddle firmly five or six times, until the lime wedges have released some of their juice.
2. Add the cachaca. Fill with ice and shake until chilled. Strain into a small rocks glass and fill with ice. Top with soda and garnish with the remaining basil leaf and lime wedge.
Each serving: 157 calories; 0 protein; 8 grams carbohydrates; 0 fiber; 0 grams fat; 0 mg. cholesterol; 1 mg. sodium.