reporting from churchill, canada
I am beluga bait. Bobbing at the end of a rope tied around my feet, I am being slowly towed in the wake of a Zodiac, a small, inflatable boat, through the icy waters of Hudson Bay. Clad in a partly inflated rubber dry suit, I look like a Michelin Tire Man who has sprouted a snorkel as I peer into the murky brown, tannin-stained cocktail of salt and freshwater.
I have come all the way to far northern Manitoba, Canada, to snorkel with beluga whales that, if they do appear out of the gloom, will likely scare the daylights out of me. As my heart races, I remember my guide suggesting I sing to attract these most vocal of whales, known as "canaries of the sea" for their high-pitched songs and rhythmic clicks. The words to the kids' song "Baby Beluga" elude me, so I chum the waters vaudeville-style, warbling "Frosty the Snowman" through my snorkel. It's not working.
After 15 minutes, it's clear the belugas we had seen in the distance are not interested in me, so I am unceremoniously reeled in to flail on the Zodiac floor like a hapless seal. Over the years I've snorkeled with whale sharks, swum with manta rays, paddled with narwhal and scuba-dived with reef sharks. Have I gone too far this time?
The small community of Churchill is a two-hour flight or an adventurous two-day train trip across the permafrost-buckled tundra north of Winnipeg, where the trip began. For a brief six weeks in October and November this small town of 1,000 on the western shore of Hudson Bay is the site of a unique polar bear love-fest as thousands of the white ursi come ashore to await the freezing of the sea ice.
They are greeted by an annual migration of tourists firing gigabytes of adoration at them from the secure confines of monster-wheeled tundra buggies.
Churchill is clearly proud of its "Polar Bear Capital of the World" moniker: Dine alongside a giant bear pelt on the wall of the Lazy Bear Cafe, sleep at the Bear's Den B&B; and stock up on "bear bum" boxer shorts and paw-shaped salad tongs at Great White Bear Gifts.
Less well known is the area's other wave of visitors. From late June through early September about 5,000 beluga whales arrive to give birth in the shallows and molt by rubbing their skins on the sandy bottoms of river estuaries. When I heard it was possible to don a snorkel and commune with these curious, friendly critters, I couldn't stay away.
Although it's possible to see and snorkel with belugas out of Churchill, I head for the family-run Seal River Heritage Lodge to the north, hopping a Turbo-Beaver bush floatplane for the 40-minute flight to the wilderness outpost at the edge of the tundra near the mouth of the Seal River.
As we fly, I can see dozens of belugas littering the estuary waters like kernels of white rice, some with gray babies at their sides.
The lodge is operated by veteran fishing, hunting and nature guide Mike Reimer and his wife, Jeanne. The couple's kids -- the fourth generation of a pioneering northern family -- help out during the brief summer season when they're on school vacation. The camp holds 16 guests; generally, about half are Americans, with Germans, Brits and Aussies making up most of the balance.
The lodge is on the site of an old government beluga research camp on a point overlooking the bay. In summer, folks come for the Birds, Bears and Belugas package. The water teems with whales, and a steady stream of polar bears meanders past. In fall, it's a bear traffic jam, and with longer nights, it's a great time to see shimmering sheets of red and green northern lights. Here on the tundra, it's people who live in an enclosure, and when bears peer into the picture windows you really do feel as if you're in the zoo. There also is a high fence surrounding an outdoor compound with four viewing towers.
Weather that can quickly become dangerous dictates activities, and during an unseasonably cool mid-July, a persistent offshore wind keeps us from the belugas. But there's plenty to do.
We trek across spongy tundra hummocks that feel as if we're hiking over down pillows. The bonsai vegetation includes ankle-high willows and magenta rhododendrons. We pick sweet Arctic cranberries and watch hyperactive Arctic ground squirrels darting among the rocks.
The birders on our trip -- from Britain and Switzerland -- spot eider ducks, a snowy owl and tall sandhill cranes emitting a strange musical rattle as they strut near the stone remains of an ancient Inuit campsite.
In this corner of the world, you don't walk outside without a weapon. Zodiacs left bobbing on the bay become chewable squeaky toys for rubber-loving polar bears, and every night plywood shutters bristling with 6-inch nails are battened down on the windows.
One guest was recently awakened by heavy breathing. When he pulled up the blinds, he was face to face with a standing bear whose nose print remains on the window -- 8 feet off the ground.
Our guides wear holsters to stash bear repellents. On our first tundra walk, Andy MacPherson shows off, in order of escalating threats, noisemakers called Bangers and Screamers, pepper spray and a 12-gauge shotgun ready with birdshot.
"In winter, bears really freak out when you throw a snowball at them. They can't see them coming," he says with a chuckle. "It's important to show them immediately who's the alpha beast, and then they usually back off."
After the wind dies down, a dense fog moves in, and we trade parkas and gloves for net-hooded "bug burkas" to fend off a surreal onslaught of mosquitoes. We set off across boulder-strewn, muddy tidal flats that suck at our boots and at the tires of six-wheelers that tow passenger trailers.
The flats are a crisscross maze of tracks, the fur and sharp claws of wolves and dinner plate-sized polar bear paws clearly imprinted in the mud. Caribou graze in the distance and move in close for a look when Andy instructs us to wave our arms above our heads like antlers.
Normally, for this concentration of diverse wildlife, you must travel to the high Arctic. But, in the Churchill region, where there are several flights daily to Winnipeg, there is less chance of being stranded by inclement weather. Says Reimer: "It's easy Arctic here, a forgotten part of the North that people don't think of except for polar bears in the fall."
Each day, we can smell lunch and dinner wafting across the tundra as we finish our treks. Caribou bourguignon. Piping hot fish chowder. Cranberry cake with warm butter sauce. Jeanne's mum, Helen, is in the kitchen. Cooking at the family's three northern lodges for decades, she has been asked so often for recipes that she wrote four successful cookbooks, starting with "Blueberries and Polar Bears."
I'm flipping through the dessert section when Colin, an Australian vacationing from his job in a Russian gold mine, shouts, "Bear!" Cameras sprout, and everyone empties into the compound to gawk at a big bear, black to its knees with tidal mud. It is nicknamed "Boots." As it settles into a patch of grass to munch the remains of a dead goose we, by coincidence, head back inside for a goose pie dinner.
When the weather gods finally give us a break, we charge at high tide in Zodiacs across the waves, holding on as if we are riding bucking broncos. There are belugas all around, arching white out of the water. Guide Terry Elliott stops and drops a hydrophone over the side. We can hear the chirping, whistling and clicking that belugas use to echolocate and find food as deep as 1,800 feet beneath the ice.
I'm back in the water, this time choosing the deeper-toned "House of the Rising Sun," but there's no need. Within moments a spooky white shape appears out of the gloom. I chomp down on the snorkel mouthpiece until I recognize the bulbous forehead and trademark impish grin that make belugas resemble Casper the Friendly Ghost. I smile back.
Two more whales swim into my view. At first it's unnerving. Belugas may be among the smaller cetaceans, but it still takes your breath away when 3,000 pounds of whale glides so near that you can see scars from polar bear claws on its white hide.
"Hello there," I repeat over and over, praying I don't pass out from excitement. I can hear whistling and clicking. The water is cold, but not uncomfortably so, and I begin to relax as the whales, curious about this high-pitched creature resembling a floating garbage bag, crane their heads for a closer look. Only belugas and narwhal can do this because they lack fused neck vertebrae.
One fellow slowly drifts at arm's length from my face. I see his little flipper, his long body and then his tail. A baby beluga torpedoes past, leaving a path of bubbles. "You're so cute!" I find myself telling them.
Another approaches from below, rolling over to watch me from beneath; holding the gaze of that intelligent eye is surreal and strangely calming. Slowly, I reach out. They pirouette closer, keeping just out of reach. I laugh and swallow a mouthful of Hudson Bay.
During the eight years Reimer has been running his beluga program, he has seen these toothed whales, who eat fish and bivalves, harmlessly suck on snorkelers' fingers and dry suits and even come for a friendly belly-to-belly rub.
Through trial and error he devised the offbeat but effective backward-towing method to allow anyone -- even kids and non-swimmers -- to commune with belugas.
"Splashing frightens them off," he says. Towing creates a distance from the noisy Zodiac engine and leaves hands free for holding cameras. "You can relax and enjoy a Zen moment. It's a rare opportunity to connect with creatures in a marine environment," says Reimer, who has seen people moved to tears when they emerge from the water.
After drifting through this interactive whale soup for 20 minutes I feel myself being reeled in. Back in the Zodiac I sit, dripping wet, with a smile as wide as a beluga's.
(BEGIN TEXT OF INFOBOX)
If you go
THE BEST WAY
From LAX, connecting service (change of plane) to Winnipeg is offered on United, WestJet, Air Canada and Northwest. Fares begin at $383 round trip. There are two flights daily from Winnipeg to Churchill on Calm Air. Fares begin at $904 round trip; www.calmair .com. Via Rail runs the 1,100-mile rail service from Winnipeg to Churchill three times a week; (888) 842-7245, www.viarail.ca Published round-trip fare $553.
WHERE TO STAY
Seal River Heritage Lodge accepts up to 16 guests. From mid-July until late August, it offers a six-night Birds, Bears and Belugas program on the Seal River estuary for $5,800. Transportation from Winnipeg, accommodations, including one night in Churchill, all lodge meals, guided trips, kayaking and snorkeling expeditions with belugas are included. In October and November, the lodge offers a four-night polar bear package, also for $5,800. (866) 846-9453, www.churchillwild.com.
WHERE TO EAT
In Churchill, the Lazy Bear Lodge, which has a fireplace-warmed living room, is open daily for breakfast, lunch and dinner. Dinner for two $60. (866) 687-2327, www.lazybearlodge.com.
Gypsy's Bakery is a local food and coffee mecca. Opens at 6 a.m. Dinner specials from $15 each. www.gypsybakery.ca.
TO LEARN MORE