Chevron Corp. is abandoning its $33-billion offer for oil driller Anadarko Petroleum Corp., the culmination of a monthlong bidding war in which Occidental Petroleum Corp. prevailed over a rival five times its size.
The most ambitious foray of Chevron Chief Executive Michael Wirth’s tenure ended Thursday after the world’s third-largest oil explorer by market value elected not to sweeten an offer that had fallen out of favor with Anadarko directors. Chevron said it will collect a $1-billion termination fee and plans to increase its share buybacks by 25%.
Anadarko’s board embraced the Occidental proposal as superior Monday, giving Chevron up to four days to come back with a revised offer. Anadarko was looking for Chevron to match or exceed Occidental’s proposal, people familiar with the matter said Wednesday. However, Chevron indicated that topping its rival’s offer was too risky.
“Winning in any environment doesn’t mean winning at any cost,” Wirth said in a statement. “Cost and capital discipline always matter, and we will not dilute our returns or erode value for our shareholders for the sake of doing a deal.”
Chevron’s departure leaves Occidental free to proceed with its $38-billion takeover of Anadarko that will double the acquirer’s daily output to the equivalent of more than 1.3 million barrels, on par with OPEC members Angola or Libya. The outcome also vindicates Occidental CEO Vicki Hollub, whose opening appeals to Anadarko were pilloried by prominent investors and analysts as an overreach.
Chevron is entitled to the $1-billion breakup fee under the terms of its April 12 merger agreement, which it said it now expects Anadarko to terminate. An Anadarko spokesman didn’t immediately respond to a request for comment. Occidental said in a statement: “We look forward to signing a merger agreement with Anadarko and realizing value for our stakeholders as soon as possible.”
“Chevron did exactly the right thing and walked away,” Mizuho Securities analyst Paul Sankey said in a note. He added that some Mizuho clients “hated that the last decently performing sector in energy — mega-cap oil — was potentially losing its capital discipline.”
Chevron shares climbed 3.1% on Thursday. Occidental stock slid 6.4%, its biggest one-day decline since 2014. Anadarko shares fell 3.3%.
Since the bidding war erupted publicly last month, Occidental’s smaller size and financial resources relative to those of Chevron handicapped its pursuit of Anadarko. Houston-based Occidental’s stock was seen as a less robust currency than Chevron’s, a defect Hollub cured by lining up support from Warren Buffett and French oil giant Total, and upping the cash portion of her bid to 78% from 50%.