VW kills the Beetle: It’s halting production of the iconic car

A Volkswagen Beetle on display in 1998. VW launched a restyled version of the car in the 1990s after a 20-year hiatus.
A Volkswagen Beetle on display in 1998. VW launched a restyled version of the car in the 1990s after a 20-year hiatus.
(Carlos Osorio / Associated Press)

Volkswagen is ending worldwide production of its iconic Beetle, the model once so popular in North America that it prompted the German automaker to build its first factory on the continent in the 1960s. The last one will roll off the line from the company’s factory in the state of Puebla, Mexico, in July.

VW had been pulling the Beetle from select markets as part of a broader effort by the German giant to rein in its bloated product range, which spans more than 300 vehicles and variants including heavy trucks, motorbikes and passenger cars. Cutting back on product complexity is one of the key ways the company is trimming costs and getting leaner in the wake of its diesel emissions scandal.

Chief Executive Herbert Diess has been a driving force behind this slimming since he started leading the main VW car brand in 2015. Demand for the Beetle and other hatchbacks such as the Golf has waned as customer appetite has shifted toward sport utility vehicles.

“The market is moving on,” said John Wolkonowicz, an independent auto analyst and industry historian in Boston. “The people who wanted them, mostly baby boomer women, bought them, enjoyed them, and they’re on to something else. Younger people don’t know what the point is.”

The Beetle played the starring role of Herbie in the 1968 Disney film “The Love Bug.” The sentient race car sporting red, white and blue racing stripes headlined several follow-up films and a television series.


Beetle buying in the United States peaked the year of the original Disney movie at about 423,000 units sold. The car became a phenomenon again in the 1990s when VW brought it back to America after a 20-year lapse. Last year, VW delivered just 15,166 units — less than one-seventh the sales of the Jetta sedan. SUVs, meanwhile, are capturing a record share of the market.

“The nostalgia for the ’60s is going away as the baby boomer generation is going away,” Wolkonowicz said. “Most baby boomers are getting older and need something easy to get in and out of. Crossovers are easy to get in and out of. Cars are not.”

Putting the Beetle out to pasture enables VW to produce more of the other models built in Puebla, including the Jetta sedan and Tiguan SUV. But the car may not go away for good: Diess has pondered reviving the Beetle as a fully electric car to tap the model’s popular culture cachet. VW has touted the upcoming I.D. Neo hatchback being rolled out in 2020 as the potential new Beetle for the electric vehicle age.

“The loss of the Beetle after three generations, over nearly seven decades, will evoke a host of emotions from the Beetle’s many devoted fans,” Hinrich Woebcken, CEO of Volkswagen’s U.S. sales unit, said in a statement.

Although there are no immediate plans to replace the car with a next-generation version, he pointed to the I.D. Buzz — a modern interpretation of the legendary VW Bus — to hint that the Beetle could one day make a comeback.

“Never say never,” Woebcken said.