U.S. job openings rise, outnumbering the unemployed by 1 million

People at a veterans job fair meet with recruiters in Pittsburgh on March 7.
(Keith Srakocic / Associated Press)

U.S. employers posted nearly 7.6 million open jobs in January, near a record high set in November — evidence that businesses are still hungry for workers despite signs the economy’s growth has slowed.

The Labor Department said Friday that hiring also rose and the number of people quitting their jobs picked up. Quits are a sign of a healthy economy, because people typically leave a job for another, usually higher-paying, one.

The tally of available jobs now outnumbers the unemployed by about 1 million. Openings began to outpace the number of unemployed last spring, for the first time in the 18 years the data have been tracked.

“The question now is, will workers be increasingly tempted to switch to new jobs or will their current employers raise wages to keep them?” said Nick Bunker, an economist at job listings website Indeed.


The strong job market is already pushing up wages more quickly, with hourly wages rising in February at the fastest pace in nine years.

The report, known as the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey, or JOLTS, also showed that layoffs declined, a reassuring sign that employers weren’t spooked by the government shutdown, which ended Jan. 25, or December’s sharp drop in the stock market.

Nearly 3.5 million people quit their jobs in January, up 2.9% from the previous month. That could push employers to pay more to prevent their workers from quitting.

“The high quit rate is the major source of upward wage pressure, because high turnover costs are a strong motivator for employers to raise wages to retain their top talent,” said Julia Pollak, labor economist at ZipRecruiter.

The economy grew at a healthy clip last year of 2.9%, the fastest pace in four years. But trade tensions with China, slowing global growth and signs of caution among consumers have weighed on the economy early this year. Many economists forecast that the pace of growth could fall below 1% in the current quarter.

The JOLTS report suggests the job market remains strong, and bolsters most analysts’ expectations that steady hiring and rising wages will support faster growth later this year.

Job openings have fallen slightly to 7.58 million since the record high of 7.63 million in November. The data were sharply revised this month to show that there were more open jobs late last year. Before the revisions, the record had been 7.3 million openings in January.