Charles H. Keating Jr., who became the poster child of the savings and loan debacle 25 years ago after his Irvine thrift was seized by federal regulators in what at the time was the nation's costliest bank collapse, has died. He was 90.
In the early 1990s, state and federal juries in Los Angeles convicted Keating of swindling thousands of Lincoln Savings & Loan customers and looting the thrift, whose failure cost the government $3.1 billion.
Those convictions eventually were overturned, and Keating pleaded guilty instead to bankruptcy fraud charges in Phoenix, his adopted home and the city where Lincoln's parent company, American Continental Corp., was based. He served 4 1/2 years in prison.
Still, he was reviled for the losses of investors, many of them older Southern Californians, who cashed out federally insured deposits to buy $265 million of uninsured American Continental junk bonds pushed by the savings and loan's employees.
"He took their life savings and spent them on mansions, pleasure boats, private airports, indulgences of virtually every whim he and his family had," Alice Hill, one of the federal prosecutors on the case, said at the time.
Keating grew up poor in Cincinnati during the Depression, became a Navy pilot in World War II, founded a law firm and spent years as a top aide to Carl Lindner, a financier who headed American Financial Corp. in Cincinnati.
He was in his 60s by the time bank deregulation arrived in the 1980s, presenting his American Continental with the opportunity to exploit Lincoln. He and other S&L barons poured billions of dollars into land development, junk bonds, corporate takeovers and foreign currency trading.
Keating's notoriety was fueled not only by the spectacular flame-out of Lincoln in 1989, but by his influence-peddling in Congress, where he once summoned five U.S. senators to hear his complaints against S&L regulators.
He died Tuesday, said his son-in-law, Bradley Boland.
Keating's multi-faceted roles in life included collegiate swim champion, anti-pornography crusader and luxury hotel developer.
His love of luxury included flying his extensive family -- a son, five daughters, five sons-in-law, and 24 grandchildren -- around the world in private planes. The indulgences angered his investors and fueled the government's dogged pursuit of him.
After his release from prison, Keating separated from his longtime wife, Mary, and lived a relatively low-profile life in Phoenix, where he stayed for many years at a compound owned by a son-in-law, former Olympic swim medalist and eye surgeon Gary Hall Sr.
Lawyer Michael Manning, a fellow Arizonan, recouped most of the bondholder losses on behalf of the government by suing law firms, accountants, investment banks and others that worked on Keating's risky investments.
"Charlie used his brilliance and charisma in all the wrong ways," Manning said.
He was survived by his wife, son, four of his daughters and grandchildren.
A complete obituary will follow at latimes.com.