Does a college student have the right to invite guests to an apartment?
Question: I moved to California to attend college. I found an apartment and signed a one-year lease. Last month I invited some of my friends over for a study session while my landlord happened to be doing some landscaping out front. He saw my friends, knocked on the door and told me that guests were not allowed.
I informed him that we were simply studying, being quiet and disturbing no other neighbors. He said “no guests” and left.
I thought the matter was finished but a couple of days later I received a “Three Day Notice to Cure or Quit.” The notice said that guests were not allowed, that I was the sole person authorized to be in the apartment and that noncompliance would be greeted with an eviction process.
Is it possible for my landlord to enforce a wholesale prohibition against guests? This seems very severe.
Answer: Your first step should be to find your lease and look at the language in the lease regulating “guests.”
The landlord cannot enforce a limit on guests unless it is part of your lease. We would agree that your landlord may be overreaching based on the facts that you present. There is a big difference between reasonable restrictions on guests and a total prohibition of guests.
A total prohibition of guests, even if spelled out in the lease, would probably be deemed unenforceable. A landlord does have an interest in preventing a temporary guest from becoming a lawful subtenant. It is primarily for this reason that many rental agreements have provisions limiting the number of nights that an overnight guest may stay.
A valid restriction may limit overnight stays to a couple of nights a month or 10 days in six months. This type of restriction allows for overnight stays by visiting family or friends while preventing others from establishing rights as a subtenant.
That said, tenants do pay rent for the right to use and occupy a rental unit, which includes a right to privacy. Landlord ownership does not trump privacy rights and landlords cannot determine who can visit your rental or for what purpose, so long as tenants are not causing a disturbance and not committing any criminal acts.
Your guests are college students, you are studying quietly and you are not causing any disturbances. However, you do not want this dispute to proceed to an unlawful detainer dispute in the Superior Court, which would be the next step following the three-day notice you received.
Contact your local mediation service to explore whether mediation can bring you and your landlord together to set some mutually acceptable ground rules for guests in your apartment and avoid a costly legal dispute for both sides.
Van Deursen is director of Dispute Resolution Programs for Project Sentinel, a Bay Area nonprofit. For more information, contact Project Sentinel at 1-888-324-7468, firstname.lastname@example.org, visit www.housing.org or contact your attorney or local housing agency.
Inside the homes of the rich and famous.
Glimpse their lives and latest real estate deals in our weekly newsletter.
You may occasionally receive promotional content from the Los Angeles Times.