Tesla considers cutting the price of Model 3 cars to be built in China

Tesla China factory
The construction site of Tesla’s Shanghai factory during a ground-breaking ceremony in January.
(STR / AFP/Getty Images)

Tesla Inc. is considering cutting the price of its China-built Model 3 sedans by 20% or more next year, people familiar with the matter said, betting the move will lure buyers as the world’s biggest electric-vehicle market slows.

Tesla aims to lower costs by using more local components, allowing it to import fewer parts and avoid tariffs, said the people, who asked not to be identified discussing internal deliberations. Prices of the cars, which will be built in a new factory near Shanghai and start at 355,800 yuan ($50,800), will probably be lowered from the second half of 2020, they said.

Chief Executive Officer Elon Musk is counting on the multibillion-dollar Shanghai plant — Tesla’s first factory outside the U.S. — to give it an edge over the likes of BMW AG and Daimler AG, which are also targeting China with new EV models. Price cuts would also pressure local incumbents such as NIO Inc. and Xpeng Motors to follow suit.


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Nov. 22, 2019

“People shop on price — this will help grow the market share of electric vehicles,” said Bill Russo, founder of Shanghai-based consulting firm Automobility Ltd. “This will also force the competing products to make adjustments.”

Tesla shares climbed 3.7% to $393.15 on Wednesday, surpassing highs reached when Musk sent his infamous August 2018 tweets about taking the company private. The stock has surged more than 50% since the carmaker reported a surprise third-quarter profit on Oct. 23.

A 20% price cut would drop the starting price of the Model 3 below 300,000 yuan. Xpeng said last month its new P7 sedan will cost 270,000 yuan to 370,000 yuan.

NIO’s ES6 sport utility vehicle, its cheapest model, starts at 358,000 yuan.

Competition is heating up as EV makers struggle through an unprecedented slump in China’s broader auto market. Sales of electric cars have fallen for months after the government scaled back subsidies.

While the potential price cut shows Tesla is cognizant of the competition, the move could also affect the company’s initial sales as customers hold out for the lower prices, Russo said. Musk has predicted Tesla will make at least 1,000 cars a week in Shanghai by the end of the year — a volume the company’s original factory in California spent months trying to hit — and has said a weekly rate of 3,000 is a target at some point.

The scale of the price cuts and the timing could change depending on market situations, the people said. A Tesla representative in China declined to comment.


Much of the cost cuts will hinge on batteries, which are typically the most expensive part of an electric car. Tesla currently relies entirely on Japan’s Panasonic Corp. for batteries but that’s changing as it agreed to buy batteries from an LG Chem Ltd. factory that’s about 200 miles northwest of Shanghai, people familiar with the matter said in August. Tesla also struck a pact to use batteries from China’s Contemporary Amperex Technology Co. Ltd. by as early as next year, people familiar said last month.

Meanwhile, Tesla has been making final preparations to begin deliveries from its Shanghai plant. This month, Chinese authorities disclosed that the locally built Model 3 will qualify for state subsidies of as high as 24,750 yuan per car, though it’s unclear how much of that rebate would go directly to customers.