EU regulators open investigation into Google’s plan to buy Fitbit

People running along the River Thames in London
Runners jog along the south bank of the River Thames in London.
(Kirsty Wigglesworth / Associated Press)

European Union regulators opened an in-depth investigation Tuesday into Google’s plan to buy fitness-tracking device maker Fitbit.

The EU’s executive commission said it was concerned that the deal would entrench Google’s position in the online ad market by “increasing the already vast amount of data” the company uses to personalize ads.

“Our investigation aims to ensure that control by Google over data collected through wearable devices as a result of the transaction does not distort competition,” said European Commission Executive Vice President Margrethe Vestager, who also is the EU’s competition commissioner.


Google agreed to buy Fitbit in November for $2.1 billion. Privacy and consumer groups have called on authorities to block the deal, citing privacy and antitrust concerns.

The EU said the deal could expand Google’s “data advantage” and therefore raise barriers for rivals to match Google’s online advertising services.

In an effort to allay apprehension, Google offered to put all information collected from wearable devices into a virtual data silo.

Chief executives from Google, Apple, Amazon and Facebook continue to confront allegations that they have monopolized the technology sector.

July 29, 2020

But the overture wasn’t enough to satisfy the European Commission, which said the proposal wouldn’t cover all the data Google could access as a result of the acquisition.

“This deal is about devices, not data,” said Rick Osterloh, Google’s senior vice president for devices and services. “We’ve been clear from the beginning that we will not use Fitbit health and wellness data for Google ads,” he wrote in a blog post.


The investigation underscores the leading role EU authorities have taken in global efforts to regulate the big, mostly American technology companies.

Vestager has been at the forefront of the movement to rein in the likes of Google and its Silicon Valley rivals. During her first five-year term as competition commissioner, she slapped Google with nearly $10 billion in penalties for multiple antitrust cases involving its Android operating system, advertising business and shopping service.

Google is facing its first serious antitrust probe from the U.S. since 2013, but years of fending off challenges in the European Union have given the internet giant a playbook to fight such attacks.

June 3, 2019

Critics say big fines failed to change how tech giants behave and have called on regulators to take tougher action.

Google’s plan to acquire Fitbit marked a bold plunge into health and fitness technology for the search-engine behemoth as it tries to become a force in consumer hardware.

Fitbit pioneered wearable fitness technology with devices that track activities such as running, cycling and swimming, and record heart rates and sleep patterns. The company has more than 28 million active users worldwide and has sold more than 100 million devices.


The EU commission has until Dec. 9 to make a decision. The regulators will also look into how Europe’s digital healthcare sector would be affected by the Google acquisition, as well as whether the purchase would give the company the ability and incentive to make it harder for wearable devices developed by rivals to work with Android.