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Wall Street rises ahead of what’s hoped to be the last Fed rate hike for a while

U.S. flags outside the New York Stock Exchange
The week will bring updates on earnings from some of the stock market’s most influential companies as well as updates on where interest rates are headed.
(Mary Altaffer / Associated Press)
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Wall Street ticked higher Monday to start a week full of updates on where interest rates and profits for the stock market’s most influential companies are heading.

The Standard & Poor’s 500 rose 18.30 points, or 0.4%, to 4,554.64, coming off its eighth winning week in the last 10. The Dow Jones industrial average gained 183.55 points, or 0.5%, to 35,411.24, and the Nasdaq composite added 26.06 points, or 0.2%, to close at 14,058.87.

Becton, Dickinson jumped 5.7% for the largest gain in the S&P 500 after it said its updated Alaris infusion system will return to full commercial operations after earlier recalls. It received a clearance from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the system, which delivers medications and other products to patients.

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Chevron rallied 2% after it gave an early look at its results for the spring, reporting a stronger profit than analysts expected.

Roughly 30% of the companies in the S&P 500 are scheduled to tell investors this week how they did from April through June. Key among them are three Big Tech behemoths that have grown so large that their stock movements often dictate where the S&P 500 goes.

Alphabet, Meta Platforms and Microsoft will all report their results this week, and they’re three of the seven stocks that accounted for the majority of the S&P 500’s gain in the first half of the year. Each of the three has soared at least 37% this year so far, and they’ll need to deliver strong numbers to justify their big rallies.

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The market’s top stocks have become so big and their movements so influential over the market that Nasdaq rebalanced its Nasdaq 100 index before trading began, to lessen the effect some stocks have on the overall index.

Perhaps even more important than how profits at the Big Tech titans go is what the Federal Reserve will say Wednesday at its latest meeting on interest rates.

The Fed is widely expected to raise its federal funds rate again, to its highest level since 2001, as it fights to bring inflation down. But the hope among traders is that will be the final increase of this cycle because inflation has been cooling since last summer.

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High rates undercut inflation by slowing the entire economy in a blunt move, as well as by hurting prices for stocks and other investments. That caused many investors to brace for a recession, but the economy has so far remained resilient largely because of a remarkably solid job market.

A report on Monday suggested the U.S. services industry is continuing to grow but at a slower pace than economists expected. On the upside for the economy, the preliminary report from S&P Global also suggested U.S. manufacturing isn’t doing as badly as feared. Overall, growth in business activity during July appears to be at its slowest in five months.

Stocks have rallied hard this year on hopes that the economy can continue to grow as inflation cools enough to get the Fed to not only stop raising rates but also to begin cutting them next year. Such a not-too-hot and not-too-cold outcome would mean the Fed pulls off a tricky “soft landing” for the economy.

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“A lot would need to go right for such an outcome, in our view,” strategists at BlackRock Investment Institute wrote in a report. Rate increases take a notoriously long time to take full effect across the economy, and they can cause unanticipated parts of it to break.

The BlackRock strategists also warn profits may be under pressure in the second half of the year as increased wages for workers eat into profit margins.

The big run for stocks in the S&P 500 this year, meanwhile, leaves the market looking expensive compared with history even outside the big seven stocks that have driven most of the gains, said Doug Ramsey, chief investment officer of the Leuthold Group.

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He calls this “another chance to buy high” after the market’s rebound from the 2020 COVID crash.

Public Storage, which runs self-storage facilities, rose 1.3% after it said it would buy Simply Self Storage for $2.2 billion from Blackstone Real Estate Income Trust.

In the bond market, the yield on the 10-year Treasury rose to 3.87% from 3.84% late Friday. It helps set rates for mortgages and other important loans.

In stock markets abroad, European stocks were mixed after data suggested manufacturing and services industries across the continent are weaker than expected. The European Central Bank will meet on interest rates Thursday.

In Asia, indexes were also mixed. Stocks sank 2.1% in Hong Kong and 0.1% in Shanghai, but they were stronger in Tokyo and Seoul.

AP writer Elaine Kurtenbach contributed to this report.

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