Agronomist George Tynes, flanked by Soviet army cadets, was among several hundred African Americans who traveled to the Soviet Union to work in the 1930s. Some settled there and became citizens. (Tynes-Mensah family)
Emilia Tynes-Mensah, left, with her father, George Tynes, an American who moved to the Soviet Union in the 1930s, her Russian-Ukranian mother, Maria, and two brothers, Slava, foreground, and Ruben. The photo was taken in the 1950s.
Yelena Khanga, 52, right is a Moscow-based talk show host. Her grandfather was Oliver Golden, an agronomist and Communist from Mississippi who boarded the German ship Deutschland bound for the Soviet Union in 1931. (Yulia Galochkina / Red Palette Pictures)
“My father felt the U.S.S.R. treated him better than America,” Emilia Tynes-Mensah, 73, said of George Tynes, who settled in Soviet Union in the 1930s. Tynes-Mensah, shown at her Moscow home in August 2014, now lives mainly in the United States.