More than 600 empty docks sit on dry, cracked dirt at Folsom Lake Marina, one of the largest inland marinas in California. As the state ended 2014 with no guarantee of significant rain and snow this winter, Californians face the prospect of stricter rationing and meager irrigation deliveries for agriculture.(Allen J. Schaben / Los Angeles Times)
Researcher Blair McLaughlin, left, and Andrew Weitz, right, walk through Blue Oak trees looking for trees affected by the drought near Shandon, Calif.(Al Seib / Los Angeles Times)
Passing storm clouds provide the backdrop for an early morning walk on the sand at the Santa Ana River inlet in Newport Beach.(Mark Boster / Los Angeles Times)
A crew from Smartgrass Synthetic Turf rolls up a pre-measured piece of artificial grass for installation in the backyard of a home in Pacific Palisades.(Luis Sinco / Los Angeles Times)
Rancher Bill Talbot opens a gate on his family’s leased ranch land near Bishop, Calif. Several ranchers are reducing their herds due to the drought.(Brian van der Brug / Los Angeles Times)
As the California drought grinds into its fourth year, the barren shoreline of Shasta Lake shows the steady drop in water level. The reservoir on the Sacramento River holds about 40% of the federal Central Valley Project’s stored supply.(Don Bartletti / Los Angeles Times)
Cindy Lazaris of the Catalina Island Conservancy walks along cracked earth that used to form the bottom of the Thompson (Middle Ranch) Reservoir, which has shrunk to a level which may cause the city of Avalon to cut its water usage by 50%.(Bob Chamberlin / Los Angeles Times)
Los Angeles area residents could be required to cover swimming pools due to the drought.(Robert Gauthier / Los Angeles Times)
Exposed shoreline shows low water levels at Castaic Lake.(Robert Gauthier / Los Angeles Times)
Conservation numbers for California come out Thursday. Residents have been seriously saving water in the last few months, spurred by severe drought conditions. The savings have proven a big bright side to a tough year.
So how bad is the drought? Here are some sobering answers.
IT WAS DRY...
The lack of rain and snow hit California water supplies hard. The Sierra snowpack’s water content measured just 5% of normal, obliterating the previous record low of 25%.
The snowpack’s sorry condition was what differentiated 2015 from previous years, said Felicia Marcus, chairwoman of the State Water Resources Control Board. (Snowpack is important because when it melts, it refills the state’s reservoirs during the hot summer months.)
Water supplies were cut, wells ran dry and reservoir levels plummeted. Here’s how far below normal some are:
Lake Shasta (59%)
Lake Oroville (48%)
Trinity Lake (33%)
Folsom Lake (32%)
New Melones (20%)
AND WAS HOT...
The 2015 water year also saw the highest average temperature in 120 years of record-keeping. According to the California Climate Tracker, the state’s average temperature was 58.4 degrees — more than three degrees warmer than average and almost a full degree warmer than the previous high in 1995-96.
...AND HEAT WORSENS THE DROUGHT CONDITIONS
The biggest impact of warmer temperatures has been that they intensify the effects of drought, increasing evaporation and drying out the soil.
“The character of this drought has been to have record and near-record temperatures,” state climatologist Michael L. Anderson said. “This drought is definitely warmer than its 20th-century counterparts. And when you run into that, you have a higher demand for water and a limited supply, so it creates greater stress.”
The lack of runoff has also reduced stream flow, creating dangerous conditions for native fish.
...AND THOSE CONDITIONS ALSO FUELED FIRES
In recent months, two of the most destructive wildfires in state history have raged across Northern California. According to federal statistics, a total of 813,163 acres have burned across the state this calendar year.
The lack of precipitation has dried out vegetation, driving fuel moisture to critically low levels.
“Four years of such parched conditions have predisposed the vegetation to be explosive, and that’s not exaggerating — it’s explosive,” said Ken Pimlott, director of the California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection. “The [calendar] year hasn’t ended yet, and it’s comparing right up there with some of the most devastating fire seasons on record.”
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