Hurricane Michael strengthens as it closes in on Florida Panhandle, giving residents hours to prepare or flee
Aerial image of damage to homes and flooding after the arrival of Hurricane Michael in Mexico Beach, Fla.(JAMES E WYATT/ EPA / Rex / Shutterstock)
People walk around the destroyed portion of Alligator Drive, in Alligator Point, Fla.(TAILYR IRVINE / Tampa Bay Times)
U.S. Customs and Border Protection crew conduct a search and rescue operations in the aftermath of Hurricane Michael among damaged homes and flooding in Panama City, Fla.(GLENN FAWCETT/ EPA / Rex / Shutterstock)
A body is removed after being discovered during the search of a housing structure in the aftermath of Hurricane Michael in Mexico Beach, Fla.(David Goldman / Associated Press)
Entire blocks were destroyed in Mexico Beach, Fla., two days after Hurricane Michael devastated the small coastal town just outside Panama City, Fla.(Pedro Portal / Miami Herald)
Flyover of the Florida panhandle in the aftermath of Hurricane Michael shows a destroyed boat yard near Panama City, Fla.(GLENN FAWCETT / AFP/Getty Images)
Tom Bailey walks his bike past a home that was carried across a road and slammed up against a condo complex as Hurricane Michael passed through the area in Mexico Beach, Fla.(Joe Raedle / Getty Images)
Rescue personnel perform a search in the aftermath of Hurricane Michael in Mexico Beach, Fla.(Gerald Herbert / Associated Press)
Storm-damaged boats in Panama City, Fla.(Brendan Smialowski / AFP/Getty Images)
The coastal township of Mexico Beach, Fla., population 1,200, lies devastated a day after Hurricane Michael made landfall.(Douglas R. Clifford / Tampa Bay Times)
A boat storage building is collapsed in Panama City Beach, Fla.(Chris O’Meara / Associated Press)
Damage from Hurricane Michael in Mexico Beach, Fla.(SevereStudios.com)
Mishelle McPherson climbs over the rubble of her friend’s home in Mexico Beach, Fla.(Gerald Herbert / Associated Press)
Dr. Patricia Cantrell, left, and Ana Kaufmann with the South Florida Search and Rescue Task Force survey damage at the western edge of Mexico Beach, Fla.(Douglas R. Clifford / Tampa Bay Times)
Gavin Conklin, 17, gathers water bottles from a neighbor’s refrigerator after Hurricane Michael destroyed the home in Panama City, Fla.(Joe Raedle / Getty Images)
Hector Benthall, right, gets a hug from his neighbor, Keito Jordan, after a tree crashed onto Benthall’s home in Columbia, S.C.(Sean Rayford / Getty Images)
The overhang of a gas station is toppled over in the aftermath of Hurricane Michael in Inlet Beach, Fla.(Emily Kask / AFP/Getty Images)
Amanda Logsdon begins the process of trying to clean up her home after the roof was blown off in Panama City, Fla.(Joe Raedle / Getty Images)
Kathy Coy inspects what is left of her home after Hurricane Michael destroyed it in Panama City, Fla. She said she was in the home when it was blown apart and is thankful to be alive.(Joe Raedle / Getty Images)
Men cut a tree that fell on a vehicle in Panama City, Fla.(Gerald Herbert / Associated Press)
Phlomena Telker stands on what was her covered porch after hurricane Michael tore the roof off her home as it passed through the area in Panama City, Fla.(Joe Raedle / Getty Images)
The storm surge retreats from inland areas, where boats lay sunk and damaged at the Port St. Joe Marina in the Florida Panhandle.(Douglas R. Clifford / TNS)
Bo Lynn’s Market starts taking water in the town of St. Marks, Fla., as Hurricane Michael pushes the storm surge up the Wakulla and St. Marks rivers, which come together in St. Marks.(Mark Wallheiser / Getty Images)
A woman and her children stand near a destroyed gas station after Hurricane Michael passes through Panama City, Fla.(BRENDAN SMIALOWSKI / AFP/Getty Images)
People walk through the wreckage of a building after the arrival of Hurricane Michael in Panama City, Fla.(DAN ANDERSON / EPA / Shutterstock)
Haley Nelson inspects damage to her family belongings after Hurricane Michael made landfall along Florida’s Panhandle in Panama City.(Pedro Portal / Miami Herald)
People walk through the wreckage of a building in Panama City, Fla.(Dan Anderson / EPA)
Mike Lindsey stands in his Panama City antique shop after Michael’s winds broke the windows.
(Joe Raedle / Getty Images)
Kaylee O’Brian weeps inside her home after several trees fell on it when Michael hit Panama City, Fla.(Gerald Herbert / Associated Press)
A hotel canopy collapsed on cars in Panama City Beach, Fla.(Gerald Herbert / Associated Press)
A hotel employee holds a glass door closed as it breaks from flying debris in Panama City Beach, Fla.(Gerald Herbert / Associated Press)
People look at a damaged store after Hurricane Michael hit Panama City, Fla.(Joe Raedle / Getty Images)
The Oceanis is grounded ashore by a tidal surge at the Port St. Joe Marina.(Douglas R. Clifford / Associated Press)
Haley Nelson stands in front of the remains of one of her father’s trailer homes after Michael hit Panama City.(Joe Raedle / Getty Images)
A man walks through a flooded street in Panama City, Fla.(Dan Anderson / European Pressphoto Agency)
People walk among downed trees in a heavily damaged neighborhood in Panama City, Fla.(Gerald Herbert / Associated Press)
Mitchell Pope tries to salvage what he can from his mobile home after the Wakulla and St. Marks rivers overflowed in St. Marks, Fla.(Mark Wallheiser / Getty Images)
Cameron Sadowski walks through crashing waves as Michael’s outer bands hit Panama City Beach, Fla.(Joe Raedle / Getty Images)
A storm watcher takes photos of the surf and fishing pier on Okaloosa Island in Fort Walton Beach, Fla., as Hurricane Michael approaches.(Devon Ravine / Northwest Florida Daily News)
A satellite image of Hurricane Michael as it moves north-northwest over the southeastern Gulf of Mexico.(NOAA)
People fill bags with sand at the Lynn Haven Sports Complex while preparing for Hurricane Michael in Panama City, Fla.(Brendan Smialowski / AFP/Getty Images)
Beach visitors await the approach of Hurricane Michael in Panama City Beach, Fla.(Brendan Smialowski / AFP/Getty Images)
Waves crash against the Malecon esplanade in Havana, triggered by the outer bands of Hurricane Michael.(Ramon Espinosa / Associated Press)
Krystal Day, left, leads a sandbag assembly line at the Old Port Cove restaurant in Ozello, Fla. Employees were hoping to protect the restaurant from floodwaters as Hurricane Michael continues to churn in the Gulf of Mexico heading for the Florida Panhandle.(Chris O’Meara / Associated Press)
The effects of Hurricane Michael are seen along the coastline of the Mexican state of Quintana Roo.(Alonso Cupul / EPA)
Carol Cathey spray-paints words on the plywood over her daughter’s business in preparation for Hurricane Michael in Mexico Beach, Fla.(Joe Raedle / Getty Images)
Xavier McKenzie puts a 20-pound bag of ice into his family’s car in Panama City, Fla., as Hurricane Michael approaches.(Joshua Boucher / Associated Press)
Workers board up the windows of Marco’s Pizza in Panama City Beach, Fla.(Brendan Smialowski / AFP/Getty Images)
Nick Severson carries his daughter, Aubrey, as they and others walk the beach in Destin, Fla. Waves from Hurricane Michael pounded the shoreline of this Florida Panhandle resort town.(Devon Ravine / Northwest Florida Daily News)
Workers scramble to store boats before the arrival of Hurricane Michael in St. Marks, Fla., south of Tallahassee.(Mark Wallheiser / Getty Images)
Thousands of people across a vast stretch of the Gulf Coast rushed to board up their homes and businesses Tuesday as Hurricane Michael strengthened into a Category 3 storm, threatening Florida’s Panhandle with powerful winds, life-threatening storm surge and torrential rain.
At its current strength, Michael would be the most powerful storm to hit the U.S. mainland this year.
Forecasters at the National Hurricane Center in Miami warned late Tuesday that the storm would intensify to a Category 4, with winds topping 130 mph, before making landfall.
“#HurricaneMichael will be the strongest storm to impact portions of Florida in more than 100 years,” Florida’s State Emergency Response Team posted on Twitter on Tuesday night. “DO NOT IGNORE #EVACUATION ORDERS.”
Earlier, Florida Gov. Rick Scott also had words of warning. “Let me be clear: Hurricane Michael is a monstrous storm, and the forecast keeps getting more dangerous,” he said Tuesday at a news conference at the Citrus County Emergency Operations Center in Lecanto. “The time to prepare is right now.… If you don’t follow warnings from officials, this storm could kill you.”
In Panama City, a coastal town that is home to about 37,000 people and two military bases, many homes were empty and boarded up. Downtown, almost all businesses — ice cream and coffee shops, craft beer emporiums and seafood restaurants, pharmacies and law firms — were shuttered.
Still, many residents had not left, flouting mandatory evacuation orders in effect in low-lying areas.
Jessica Langston, 78, a retired electronic technician in Panama City who lives alone in a one-story home with a view of St. Andrew Bay, tried to reassure her daughter in Miami via cellphone that she would be OK.
“I’m going to stay put,” she said firmly as she swayed in a white pergola swing under a cluster of live oaks and gazed at the waves gently lapping the shore.
Not only is her home separated from the ocean by a two-lane highway, she said, but it sits atop an Indian mound and is buffered by Shell Island, a 700-acre barrier island across the bay.
Her windows were boarded up and her trees freshly trimmed, and she had already cooked and stockpiled food: cheese tamales, squash soup and seven-bean soup with sausage. A 96-year-old neighbor is staying too, and Langston planned to check on him.
“I’m blessed I have people who care, but I’m here because I want to be,” she said. “This is home and there are people here who need me.”
On Tuesday evening, Michael was about 255 miles south of Panama City, moving north with maximum sustained winds of 125 mph.
A hurricane warning was in effect from the Alabama border to the Suwannee River mouth in Florida, and a storm surge warning was in effect from Florida’s Okaloosa-Walton county line to the Anclote River near Tampa.
Scott had already declared a state of emergency for more than 35 counties and activated 2,500 Florida National Guard troops. On Tuesday, President Trump signed a pre-landfall disaster declaration giving the region access to federal resources and assistance.
Trump urged Floridians to prepare for Michael, which he warned could be more powerful than Hurricane Florence, the slow-moving Category 1 hurricane that inundated the Carolinas with rain last month. Michael intensified rapidly over 24 hours Sunday and Monday, growing from a tropical storm with sustained winds of 40 mph to a Category 1 hurricane with sustained winds of 75 mph.
“Good news is, the folks in the Pan Handle can take care of anything. @FEMA and First Responders are ready - be prepared!” Trump said in a Twitter post.
The National Hurricane Center expects Michael to keep strengthening as it moves north across the eastern Gulf of Mexico overnight. It is forecast to move inland over the Florida Panhandle or the state’s Big Bend area on Wednesday, then weaken as it moves northeast across the southeastern United States on Wednesday night and Thursday.
The hurricane center warned coastal residents that a combination of a dangerous storm surge and high tide could cause normally dry areas to be flooded. Storm surges along the Florida coast could be as high as 12 feet from Indian Pass to Cedar Key.
Michael is expected to lash coastal areas of Florida, Alabama and Georgia with as much as 12 inches of rain. Farther inland, damaging winds, torrential rain and life-threatening flash floods are forecast for parts of Georgia and Alabama.
The last big storm to strike this part of the Gulf Coast was Hurricane Hermine, which in 2016 left hundreds of thousands of residents — including more than 80% of residents of the state capital, Tallahassee — without electricity.
About 10 miles to the west of Panama City in the beach resort town of Panama City Beach, “sno-ball” shacks, karaoke bars, henna tattoo stores, saloons, a miniature golf course and an oyster pub were shuttered along the main strip.
“THANKS MICHAEL FOR RUININ’ OUR VACATION,” someone had spray-painted on plywood boards covering windows outside the Tropix beach shop on Front Beach Road.
A few blocks from the ocean, John Greathouse, an 81-year-old retiree who has lived in his two-story home on Bay Avenue for 25 years, said he was confident it would survive Michael.
After all, he had made it through Hurricane Opal, a powerful Category 3 hurricane that made landfall at Pensacola Beach in 1995.
“I’m staying,” he said as he ambled along his quiet residential street Tuesday afternoon. “This is the highest point on Panama City Beach.”
Exhausted after getting up at 4 a.m. to get gas, Greathouse had already installed shutters on his front and rear windows. But he still had to take his porch swing down and move his potted plants inside.
As some neighbors piled clothes and pets into their cars; others were leaning toward staying.
“I’m pretty freaked out,” Denese Goldberg, a 65-year-old retired legal secretary, said as she sat in her neighbors’ carport a few blocks from the ocean playing poker with quarters.
Goldberg moved to Panama City Beach from Monroe, Ga., 18 months ago and had never been through a hurricane. She said if Michael intensified, she might evacuate. But for now, she planned to ride it out with her four cats in her neighbors’ brick home.
“We’re just gonna judge it as it comes,” said the neighbor, Marion Staples. “Sometimes they say it’s terrible and it turns out to be nothing.”
8:25 p.m.: This article was updated throughout with staff reporting.
2:40 p.m.: This article was updated to reflect the hurricane upgrading to a Category 3 hurricane.
12:15 p.m.: This article was updated with the hurricane closing in on the Florida Panhandle.
5:30 a.m.: This article was updated with Michael growing into a Category 2 hurricane.
This article was originally published at 2:50 a.m.
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