Timothy Ray Brown, first person to be cured of HIV infection, dies of cancer at 54

Timothy Ray Brown in Seattle
Timothy Ray Brown, who made history as the first person known to be cured of HIV infection, in Seattle in 2019.
(Manuel Valdes / Associated Press)

Timothy Ray Brown, who as the anonymous “Berlin patient” was the first person known to be cured of HIV infection, has died. He was 54.

Brown died Tuesday at his home in Palm Springs, according to a post on social media by his partner, Tim Hoeffgen. The cause was a return of the cancer that prompted the unusual bone marrow and stem cell transplants Brown received in 2007 and 2008, which for years seemed to have eliminated both his leukemia and HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

“Timothy symbolized that it is possible, under special circumstances,” to rid a patient of HIV, something that many scientists had doubted could be done, said Dr. Gero Huetter, the Berlin physician who led Brown’s historic treatment.


“It’s a very sad situation” that cancer returned and took his life, because he still seemed free of HIV, said Huetter, who is now medical director of a stem cell company in Dresden, Germany.

The International AIDS Society, which had Brown speak at a conference after his successful treatment, issued a statement mourning his death and said he and Huetter were owed “a great deal of gratitude” for promoting research on a cure.

Brown was working in Berlin as a translator when he was diagnosed with HIV and, later, leukemia. Transplants are known to be an effective treatment for the blood cancer, but Huetter wanted to try to cure the HIV infection as well by using a donor with a rare gene mutation that gives natural resistance to the AIDS virus.

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Brown’s first transplant in 2007 was only partially successful: His HIV seemed to be gone, but his leukemia was not. He had a second transplant from the same donor in 2008, which appeared to work.

But his cancer returned last year, Brown said in a recent interview with the Associated Press.


“I’m still glad that I had it,” he said of his transplant.

“It opened up doors that weren’t there before” and inspired scientists to work harder to find a cure, Brown said.

A second man, Adam Castillejo — dubbed the “London patient” until he revealed his identity earlier this year — also is believed to have been cured of HIV by a transplant similar to Brown’s in 2016.

Because such donors are rare and transplants are medically risky, researchers have been testing gene therapy and other ways to try to achieve a similar outcome. At an AIDS conference in July, researchers said they may have achieved long-term remission in a Brazilian man by using a powerful combination of drugs meant to flush dormant HIV from his body.

Mark King of Baltimore, who writes a blog for people with HIV, said Brown “was just this magnet for people living with HIV, like me,” and embodied the hope for a cure.

“He has said from the beginning, ‘I don’t want to be the only one. They have to keep working on this,’” King said.