Nigeria’s democratic transition from one government to another sends a powerful message on a continent where leaders commonly cling to power. Few countries have seen a democratic transfer.
Successful democratic transitions:
GHANA: Two peaceful transfers of power, in 2000 and 2008.
ZAMBIA: In 2011, President Rupiah Banda steps down after defeat.
SENEGAL: In 2012, incumbent Abdoulaye Wade loses to Macky Sall.
KENYA: Opposition candidate Mwai Kibaki wins presidency in 2002.
LIBERIA: After civil war and transition government, Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf wins presidency in 2006.
BENIN: In 1991, Nicephore Soglo defeats longtime dictator Mathieu Kerekou.
MALAWI: Peter Mutharika defeats incumbent Joyce Banda in 2014.
And some won't leave:
CAMEROON: Paul Biya, 39 years in power.
EQUATORIAL GUINEA: Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, 35 years.
ANGOLA: Jose Eduardo dos Santos, 35 years.
ZIMBABWE: Robert Mugabe, 34 years.
UGANDA: Yoweri Museveni, 29 years.
SUDAN: Omar Hassan Ahmed Bashir, 25 years.