Fighting over Nagorno-Karabakh continues despite U.S. mediation

Tires are removed from an auto repair shop that was hit by shelling in the separatist region of Nagorno-Karabakh on Friday.
(Associated Press)

Rocket and artillery fire continued to hit residential areas Saturday hours after the United States hosted top diplomats from Armenia and Azerbaijan for talks on settling their decades-long conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh.

The heavy shelling forced residents of Stepanakert, the regional capital of Nagorno-Karabakh, into shelters as emergency teams rushed to extinguish fires.

Nagorno-Karabakh authorities said other towns in the region were also targeted by Azerbaijani artillery fire. There was no immediate information about casualties.


Officials in Azerbaijan claimed that the town of Terter and areas in the Gubadli region came under Armenian shelling early Saturday, killing a teenager. They said that another 13-year-old boy died Saturday of wounds he received in an earlier shelling of Ganja, Azerbaijan’s second-largest city.

Nagorno-Karabakh lies within Azerbaijan but has been under the control of ethnic Armenian forces backed by Armenia since a war there ended in 1994. The current fighting that started Sept. 27 marks the worst escalation in the conflict since the war’s end.

Their decades-old battle over the mountainous territory of Nagorno-Karabakh has come to define how Armenians and Azerbaijanis view themselves.

After two failed attempts by Russia to broker a truce, the U.S. waded onto the scene on Friday, with Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo hosting the Armenian and Azerbaijan foreign ministers for separate talks.

“Both must implement a ceasefire and return to substantive negotiations,” Pompeo said in a tweet after the negotiations.

“Just now a bomb exploded in my garden,” Georgiy, a Stepanakert resident who said he did not feel safe giving his full name, reported after the overnight attack. “If this is the so-called cease-fire, let the whole world see this cease-fire.”

Georgiy, who was born in Stepanakert, said he was determined to stay in his home despite the fighting.

“This is my motherland, I’m not going to leave it,” he said. “All the people will stand until the last.”

Despite the fighting, residents of the town of Shushi in Nagorno-Karabakh celebrated a wedding at the Holy Savior Cathedral, also known as the Ghazanchetsots Cathedral, which was badly damaged during earlier Azerbaijani shelling.

Hovhannes Hovsepyan, who serves in the region’s military, took a two-day leave from the front lines to marry Mariam Sargsyan. The couple planned their wedding before the latest outburst of fighting began.

“I wish the war ends and everyone comes back and joins ceremonies like this one,” Hovsepyan said. “Glory to heroes that are alive, and I wish new heroes are born and they don’t see wars.”

According to Nagorno-Karabakh officials, 963 of their troops have been killed, and 37 civilians also have died. Azerbaijan hasn’t disclosed its military losses, but said that 65 civilians have been killed and about 300 wounded in the four weeks of fighting.

Russian President Vladimir Putin said Thursday that according to Moscow’s information, the death toll from the fighting was significantly higher than officially reported by the warring parties, nearing 5,000.

Russia, the United States and France have co-chaired the so-called Minsk Group set up by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe to mediate in the conflict, but they haven’t made any progress after nearly three decades.

Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev has said that to end hostilities, Armenian forces must withdraw from Nagorno-Karabakh. He has insisted that Azerbaijan has the right to reclaim its territory by force since international mediation has failed.

Turkey has thrown its weight behind Azerbaijan, vowing to support its longtime ally “on the battlefield or the negotiating table.” It has trained Azerbaijani military and provided it with strike drones and long-range rocket systems that give Azerbaijan a strong edge on the battlefield.

Armenian officials say Turkey is directly involved in the conflict and is sending Syrian mercenaries to fight on Azerbaijan’s side. Turkey has denied deploying combatants to the region, but a Syrian war monitor and Syria-based opposition activists have confirmed that Turkey has sent hundreds of Syrian opposition fighters to fight in Nagorno-Karabakh.