Pleas of not guilty entered in trial over alleged palace coup attempt in Jordan

Jordan's King Abdullah II stands at a lectern with a flag behind him
King Abdullah II gives a speech to Jordan’s parliament in December.
(Yousef Allan / Royal Hashemite Court)

A former top advisor to Jordan’s King Abdullah II and a relative of the monarch pleaded not guilty Monday to sedition and incitement charges, a defense lawyer said.

The highly anticipated trial was held under tight security and was closed to the media.

The charges revolve around an unprecedented public rift in Jordan’s traditionally discreet royal family. The defendants are accused of conspiring with a senior royal — Prince Hamzah, a half-brother of the king and former crown prince — to foment unrest against the monarch while soliciting foreign help.


Hamzah is not facing charges, with the king having said that the royal family is handling the matter privately. Yet he is the central figure in the case, and defense attorneys said they plan to call him to the stand.

Since the drama erupted into the open in early April, with Hamzah being placed under house arrest, clashing narratives have swirled around the popular prince. He is either a champion of ordinary Jordanians suffering from economic mismanagement and corruption, or a disgruntled royal who never forgave Abdullah for taking away his title of crown prince in 2004.

The indictment, read in court Monday, alleges that Hamzah was driven by personal ambition and determined to become king. It says the prince and the two defendants — Sharif Hassan bin Zaid, a royal, and Bassem Awadallah, a former royal advisor — conspired to stir discontent.

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Awadallah, who has Jordanian, U.S. and Saudi citizenship, held senior posts in Jordan, including head of the royal court and planning minister. Later, he served as the king’s official envoy to Saudi Arabia and has close ties to Saudi Arabia’s powerful crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman.

Bin Zaid is a distant cousin of the king.

They are the most senior establishment figures to appear before the security court, which typically goes after drug offenders or suspected militants.


Defense lawyer Mohammad Afeef, who represents Awadallah, told journalists that the two defendants entered not-guilty pleas. He said the court heard two prosecution witnesses, and that another session would be held Tuesday.

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A video leaked from inside the court shows Awadallah wearing the light blue uniform of detainees and a face mask as he is being led by guards through a room in the court. State media ran the video and still photos of Awadallah on their websites.

Since the royal rift became public, it has broken taboos in Jordan and sent jitters through foreign capitals, with Western powers rallying behind Abdullah, an indispensable ally in an unstable region.

The case exposed rivalries in Jordan’s Hashemite dynasty and spawned unprecedented public criticism of the monarchy.