Three people died and 12 others were wounded in France when a man flagged as a possible extremist sprayed gunfire near Strasbourg's famous Christmas market Tuesday, sparking a search for the suspect as French officials put the country on increased alert for terrorist attacks.
French prosecutors said a terrorism investigation was opened, though authorities did not say what they thought to be a motive. Strasbourg is home to the European Parliament, one of several places locked down after the shooting, preventing those inside from leaving.
It was unclear if the market — the focus of an Al Qaeda-linked plot in 2000 — was the intended target. The alleged assailant got inside a security zone around the venue and opened fire from there, Mayor Roland Ries said on BFM television.
Two years ago, a Tunisian man drove a hijacked truck into a busy Berlin Christmas market, an attack that killed 12 people. Strasbourg, which promotes itself as the "Capital of Christmas," is located on France's border with Germany, about 250 miles east of Paris.
Authorities said they identified the suspect in Tuesday's bloodshed and he had a criminal record. The prefect of the Strasbourg region said the alleged shooter also was on a watch list of potentially radicalized individuals. No other details about him were disclosed.
Gendarmes went to the suspect's home to arrest him before the attack, but he wasn't there, Stephane Morisse of police union FGP said. They found explosive materials during a search, he said.
France, where most of Europe's worst terrorist attacks of recent years took place, is raising its terrorism alert level and sending security reinforcements to Strasbourg, Interior Minister Christophe Castaner said early Wednesday.
Some 350 security forces and two helicopters were involved in the search for the suspected assailant, who had been radicalized for "several years" and confronted law enforcement officers twice while he "sowed terror" in Strasbourg, Castaner said.
The death toll stood at three early Wednesday, he said. Two police union officials said earlier that four had been killed. Officials did not explain the conflicting numbers.
A dozen more people were wounded, half of them who were in "absolute emergency" critical condition, Castaner said. The alleged shooter was shot and wounded as well, by soldiers guarding the Christmas market, said Morisse.
French military spokesman Col. Patrik Steiger said the shooter didn't seem to be aiming for the soldiers patrolling in and around the market, but appeared to target civilians instead.
Witnesses described hearing gunshots, screams and the shouts of police ordering people to stay indoors before the area fell silent and the officers fanned out.
"I heard two or three shots at around 7:55 p.m., then I heard screams. I got close to the window. I saw people running. After that I closed the shutters. Then I heard more shots, closer this time," said Yoann Bazard, 27, who lives in central Strasbourg.
"I thought maybe it's firecrackers," he said, speaking by phone. "And then, as it got close, it was really shocking. There were a lot of screams. ... There were police or soldiers shouting, 'Get inside!' and 'Put your hands on your head.'"
Freelance journalist Camille Belsoeur was at a friend's apartment when they heard the gunfire, at first mistaking it for firecrackers.
"We opened the window. I saw a soldier firing shots, about 12 to 15 shots," Belsoeur said.
Other soldiers yelled for people to stay indoors and shouted, 'Go home! Go home!'" to those outside, he said.
Another witness, Peter Fritz, told the BBC one of the four people killed was a Thai tourist who was shot in the head and didn't respond to lengthy attempts to revive him.
"We tried our best to resuscitate him. We applied CPR. We dragged him into a restaurant close by," Fritz said.
He said it took more than 45 minutes for an ambulance to arrive, during which time an emergency doctor advised by telephone "that any further efforts would be futile."
The victim "is still here in this restaurant, but we have abandoned all hope for him," Fritz said.
France previously endured several high-profile extremist attacks, including the coordinated attacks at multiple Paris locations that killed 130 people and wounded hundreds in November 2015. A 2016 truck attack in Nice killed dozens.
President Emmanuel Macron adjourned a meeting at the presidential palace Tuesday night to monitor the emergency, his office said, indicating the gravity of the attack.
Castaner and the Paris prosecutor, who is in charge of anti-terrorism investigations in France, headed to Strasbourg. The prosecutor's office said the inquiry was being conducted on suspicion of murder and attempted murder in relation with terrorist enterprise charges, suggesting officials think the gunman may have links to extremists.
In many neighborhoods of Strasbourg, the French Interior Ministry urged the public to remain indoors. Local authorities urged the public on Twitter to "avoid the area of the police station," which is close to the city's Christmas market.
Strasbourg's well-known market is set up around the city's cathedral during the Christmas season and is a popular gathering place. At the shooting scene, police officers, police vehicles and barricades surrounded the market still sparkling with festive lights.
European Parliament spokesman Jaume Duch said that "the European Parliament has been closed and no one can leave until further notice." It wasn't immediately clear how many people were inside.
The attack revived memories of a millennial terrorist plot targeting Strasbourg's Christmas market. Ten suspected Islamic militants were convicted and sentenced to prison in December 2004 for their role in a plot to blow up the market on the New Year's Eve that ushered in 2000.
The Algerian and French Algerian suspects — including an alleged associate of Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden — went on trial on charges they were involved in the foiled plot for the attack.