Nelson Mandela | 2008
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Nelson Mandela | 1918-2013

Nelson Mandela during a celebration of his 90th birthday year in Johannesburg on March 5, 2008. Mandela turned 90 on July 18. (Kim Ludbrook / European Pressphoto Agency)
In 1961, Nelson Mandela was a political activist who had already been arrested once for his work with the African National Congress. Born in 1918 to a chief of the small Thembu tribe, he was given the name Rolihlahla “troublemaker” in the Xhosa language. A Methodist teacher renamed him Nelson. (Associated Press)
Nelson and Winnie Mandela in a rare moment together in the early 1960s. (The International Defence and Aid Fund for Southern Africa)
Protesters demonstrate in Johannesburg, South Africa, on Aug.16, 1962, demanding Mandela’s release after his second arrest. His wife, Winnie, whom he had married in 1958, joined the protests. Mandela was sent to a penal colony off Cape Town, where he spent 13 years laboring in a quarry. (Dennis Lee Royle / Associated Press)
Mandela and other African National Congress activists were freed in 1990. On Feb. 11, Nelson and Winnie Mandela march through Paarl with a cheering crowd. (Alexander Joe / AFP/Getty Images)
Nelson and Winnie Mandela meet with Mayor Tom Bradley on a visit to Los Angeles on June 29, 1990. (Los Angeles Times)
Mayor Bradley gives Mandela the key to the city of Los Angeles during a ceremony at City Hall on June 29, 1990. (Los Angeles Times)
South African anti-apartheid leader Nelson Mandela waves to the media and guests after making a joint statement with President George H.W. Bush on the White House South Lawn on June 25, 1990. (Kevin Larkin / AFP/Getty Images)
Nelson Mandela is congratulated by his wife, Winnie, in Durban, South Africa, after his unanimous 1991 election to succeed Oliver Tambo, right, as African National Congress president. (Agence France-Presse)
U.S. Rep. Maxine Waters and Mayor Richard Riordan welcome Mandela back to Los Angeles on July 8, 1993. (Los Angeles Times)
Mandela attends a service at First United Methodist Church in Los Angeles in 1993. (Axel Koester / For The Times)
Mandela and President F.W. de Klerk were jointly awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993, for their leadership of a negotiated transfer of power from South Africa’s white minority to the black majority. (Jon Eeg / Associated Press)
Nelson Mandela listens to speakers at a campaign rally at Soweto Stadium before addressing the crowd himself on April 23, 1994, three days before national elections. (Walter Dhladhla / AFP/Getty Images)
Mandela casts his ballot April 27, 1994, during South Africa’s first democratic election, marking the first time he -- or any black person in the country -- had been able to vote. (Walter Dhladhla / AFP/Getty Images)
Nelson Mandela and regional African National Congress leader Allan Boesak, right, greet the crowd at a campaign rally on April 17, 1994, 10 days before South Africa’s first all-race national elections. (Guy Tallim / AFP/Getty Images)
Archbishop Desmond Tutu and President Nelson Mandela greet a cheering crowd in Cape Town on May 10, 1994. (Los Angeles Times)
Nelson Mandela dances with Imilonji Kantu choir members at a victory celebration on May 2, 1994. (Los Angeles Times / Los Angeles Times)
Mandela heads into parliament May 9, 1994, shortly before the new majority officially voted to appoint him president. (Los Angeles Times)
Mandela is sworn into office as president by South African Chief Justice Michael Corbett in Pretoria. (Los Angeles Times)
South African President Nelson Mandela addresses the United Nations General Assembly on Oct. 3, 1994. (Jon Levy / AFP/Getty Images)
President-elect Nelson Mandela waves to the crowd with his two deputy presidents -- Thabo Mbeki, left, and Frederik de Klerk -- after the inaugural sitting of South Africa’s first all-race parliament on May 9,1994. Mandela was elected South Africa’s first black head of state by the post-apartheid assembly. (Alexander Joe / AFP/Getty Images)
Palestinian Liberation Organization Chairman Yasser Arafat speaks with Mandela in Tunis in 1994 during an African summit. Arafat was an observer at the summit. (WAFA / Associated Press)
President Nelson Mandela walks with Pope John Paul II after the pontiff’s arrival at Johannesburg airport September 16,1995. This was the Pope’s first official visit to South Africa. (Walter Dhladhla / AFP/Getty Images)
On a visit to Robben Island, where he was imprisoned for years, Mandela once again chips away at limestone in the quarry. Mandela led hundreds of former political prisoners back to the island on Feb. 10, 1995, saying he wanted to blend the memory of their hardship into the national psyche. (Associated Press)
Queen Elizabeth II pays a state visit to South Africa in 1995, the first by a ruling British monarch since 1947. (Adil Bradow / Associated Press)
South African President Nelson Mandela speaks before a special session of the U.N. General Assembly on Oct. 23, 1995, in which he appealed to the U.N. to redefine its role in the world and reshape its structure. (Timothy Clary / AFP/Getty Images)
President Mandela at his Pretoria residence with Percy Yutar in 1995, who as a state prosecutor 31 years earlier sentenced Mandela to life in prison. (Adil Bradlow / Associated Press)
Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan visits President Mandela at his Johannesburg residence in January, 1996. (Agence France-Presse)
Nelson Mandela attends an ANC rally in Durban, South Africa, prior to 1996 elections. (Francesco Broli)
President Mandela and Vice President Al Gore after a meeting in Cape Town, South Africa in 1997. (Sasa Kralj / Associated Press)
President Mandela greets Britain’s Princess Diana during her 1997 visit to Cape Town, South Africa. (Sasa Kralj / Associated Press)
In Libya, President Mandela visits with leader Moammar Kadafi in 1997. (Enric Marti / Associated Press)
South African President Nelson Mandela takes the arm of British Prime Minister Tony Blair as they chat while strolling on the grounds of the Royal and Ancient St. Andrews Golf Course during a break in the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting on Oct. 26, 1997. (Johnny Eggitt / AFP/Getty Images)
Presidents Mandela and Clinton look out from a cell on Robben Island in Cape Town’s Table Bay in 1998. Mandela spent 18 of his 27 years in this prison cell during apartheid. (J. Scott Applewhite / Associated Press)
U.S. Rep. Richard Gephardt, left, House Speaker Newt Gingrich and President Clinton welcome President Mandela during a 1998 visit to Washington. (Paul J. Richards / AFP/Getty Images)
President Mandela with his Cuban counterpart, Fidel Castro, during a World Trade Organization meeting in Geneva in 1998. (Agence France-Presse)
At Mandela’s Pretoria residence in 1998, he and Graca Machel examine a birthday card for him from his former prison guard. Mandela and Machel were married later that day in Johannesburg. (Adil Bradlow / Associated Press)
Nelson Mandela shakes the hand of Pope John Paul II during a visit by Mandela to the Vatican on June 18, 1998. (Paolo Cocco / AFP/Getty Images)
President Nelson Mandela shows off his just-received honorary degree from Harvard University on Sept. 18, 1998. (John Mottern / AFP/Getty Images)
Mandela acknowledges a standing ovation after his final address as president to a joint session of parliament in Cape Town, South Africa in March, 1999. (Agence France-Presse)
Mandela rides in the back of a truck during a preelection rally near the end of his tenure as president in 1999. (Los Angeles Times)
Mandela, then the outgoing president, casts his ballot at a Johannesburg polling station during South Africa’s 1999 election. (Peter Dejong / Associated Press)
South African President Nelson Mandela and Deputy President Thabo Mbeki wave to well-wishers after Mandela’s last major address to Parliament on Feb. 5, 1999. (Obed Zilwa / Associated Press)
Nelson Mandela receives Michael Jackson for a visit on March 23, 1999. (Anna Zieminski / AFP/Getty Images)
Mandela, standing behind Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II, joins a royal gathering at St. James’ Palace in London on Oct. 31, 2002. to mark the centenary of the Order of Merit. (Kirsty Wigglesworth / AFP/Getty Images)
Former President Nelson Mandela and his wife, Graca Machel, join United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan and President Thabo Mbeki on stage at the World Summit on Sustainable Development on Sept. 2, 2002. (Pedro Ugarte / AFP/Getty Images)
Iraqi deputy prime minister Tariq Aziz walks past a photograph of Nelson Mandela as a political prisoner on Robben Island during an official visit to the country on July 6, 2002. (Anna Zieminski / AFP/Getty Images)
Nelson Mandela speaks at an AIDS conference on July 14, 2003. (Jean Ayissi / AFP/Getty Images)
Former U.S. President Bill Clinton shakes hands with former South African President Nelson Mandela during the inaugural Nelson Mandela Lecture at the Johannesburg Civic Centre, on July 19, 2003. The lecture coincided with Mandela’s 85th birthday. (Rajesh Jantilal / AFP/Getty Images)
Nelson Mandela holds the Jules Rimet World Cup at FIFA headquarters after South Africa won the right to host the 2010 World Cup finals, the first to be played in Africa, on May 15, 2004. (Franck Fife / AFP/Getty Images)
Nelson Mandela celebrates his 89th birthday flanked by former President Jimmy Carter, right, and former United Nations chief Kofi Annan, during the launching ceremony of the group known as the Elders -- a brain trust of elder statesmen -- on July 18, 2007. (Alexander Joe / AFP/Getty Images)
Lithographs by Mandela are displayed as part of an exhibition of his works at Belgravia Gallery in London in July, 2008. (Sang Tan / Associated Press)
Mandela celebrates his 91st birthday with his wife, Graca Machel, at their home in Houghton, near Johannesburg, South Africa on July 18, 2009. (Debbie Yazbek / Nelson Mandela Foundation)
Mandela with a copy of his book published in 2010, “Conversations with Myself.” (Debbie Yazbek / Nelson Mandela Foundation)
A group of schoolchildren participates in a program at the Nelson Mandela Foundation on the eve of Mandela Day on July 17, 2011. (Stephane de Sakutin / AFP/Getty Images)
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