A bill that would give California widows and widowers greater protections against foreclosure passed a state Senate committee Tuesday.
The proposal is geared at giving surviving homeowners who aren't on the mortgage note a better shot at obtaining a loan modification after their spouse dies.
The Judiciary Committee voted 4 to 1 to approve the bill, which will now go before the full Senate.
Consumer groups say the survivors – who either already owned their homes or inherit them after a death – face considerable resistance from servicers when they try to obtain a loan modification.
Although servicers will generally accept their loan payments, they often give surviving homeowners inaccurate information or require unnecessary documents to prove ownership, stalling a modification while a foreclosure proceeds, advocates say.
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Under SB 1150, survivors who aren't on the mortgage would get many of the protections afforded to borrowers under the California Homeowner Bill of Rights, which became law in 2013.
Servicers couldn't pursue a foreclosure while at the same time negotiating a loan modification. In addition, widows, widowers and surviving children would gain the right to sue to prevent a foreclosure or for limited economic damages if one occurs.
The proposal has drawn opposition from industry groups that say it is premature because the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau is expected to release federal rules boosting survivors rights this summer. They also worry that the state bill is too broadly written and will open the door to a flood of people coming forward to claim interest in a deceased borrower's loan.
At the committee hearing Tuesday, Sen. Mark Leno (D-San Francisco), the coauthor, said he was willing to amend the bill as it moves through the Legislature so it would "align" with future regulations from the federal consumer agency.
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