Los Angeles unveiled a new set of proposed regulations Thursday on how and where marijuana businesses can operate within city limits, the latest step toward reworking its rules after Californians voted to legalize recreational pot.
Marijuana retailers would also be prohibited from operating within 800 feet of schools, public libraries, parks and drug and alcohol treatment facilities. Other kinds of marijuana businesses, including indoor cultivation facilities, would be restricted to most industrial zones.
City officials also released a set of proposed regulations on application requirements and operating rules for cannabis businesses. Those draft rules prohibit marijuana or alcohol from being consumed on site, require security and video surveillance, and mandate that businesses allow inspections and audits, among many other requirements.
To apply to operate in Los Angeles, cannabis businesses would have to provide detailed information about their ownership, loans and investors. Marijuana shops that registered to pay business taxes this or last year and are in "substantial compliance" with an earlier set of restrictions would be first in line to get city certificates.
The proposed rules also impose some hiring and labor requirements: Marijuana businesses must set forward a detailed plan for hiring local residents when they apply to operate in L.A. If they have at least 10 employees, they must have a "labor peace agreement." Such agreements prohibit employers from interfering with any potential labor organizing by their employees, said Vanessa Rodriguez, a spokeswoman for City Council President Herb Wesson.
The draft regulations will be available for public review and comment for 60 days before city officials take any action. "We will continue to have a robust dialogue about the regulatory framework and a healthy debate of Los Angeles' growing cannabis industry" before the council votes on final recommendations, Wesson said in a written statement Thursday.
Cannabis industry and advocacy groups applauded the city for taking the step but said they were still reviewing the proposed rules.
Releasing the draft rules is "a positive step towards fully licensing and regulating the cannabis industry in Los Angeles, so that our businesses have a shot at getting local authority, remain eligible to apply for state licensing, and are not left out of the state process," Southern California Coalition president and co-founder Virgil Grant said in a written statement.
Others have already begun to voice some concerns. Ruben Honig, executive director of the Los Angeles Cannabis Task Force, said in a written statement that "under the proposed regulations, many existing and new businesses in L.A. will face long delays before they can apply for a city permit and legally operate."
Honig nonetheless called the draft rules "a good step forward."
All in all, L.A.'s proposed rules "allow for a fairly free and open market, which is what I think people want — to have a real economic engine here in Southern California," said Matt Stang, chief revenue officer for the cannabis media and event company High Times.
Los Angeles is rewriting its rules after Californians voted in November to legalize the recreational use of marijuana and start issuing state licenses by January.
Four years ago, Los Angeles voters approved Proposition D, which imposed restrictions that were estimated to allow fewer than 140 medical pot shops to continue doing business without risk of city prosecution. But critics complain that hundreds more have continued to operate despite those rules.
In March, after the statewide vote, L.A. passed another ballot measure to kick off the process of rolling back Proposition D and updating its marijuana regulations.
The new measure also set tax rates for the cannabis industry, which could pump new revenue into the city's coffers. City Controller Ron Galperin has estimated that Los Angeles could collect at least $50 million in tax revenue from marijuana businesses next year, based on economic estimates that medical and newly legalized recreational sales citywide could approach $700 million.
Galperin called L.A.'s newly proposed regulations "an excellent start" but said the city should consider some additional safeguards.
For instance, Galperin recently advised city leaders that they should consider requiring "smart safes" or other devices that count cash for marijuana businesses seeking to operate in L.A. Doing so, he said, would make it much easier to track cash and audit the businesses.