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Leon Leyson dies at 83; youngest survivor on Schindler's List

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Among the 1,100 Jews saved from the Nazis by German industrialist Oskar Schindler was an emaciated 13-year-old boy named Leon Leyson, who had to stand on a box to reach the machinery in the Krakow factory where Schindler sheltered him and his family.

The boy Schindler called "Little Leyson" survived the Holocaust to start life over in Los Angeles. He taught high school in Huntington Park for 39 years, rarely mentioning to anyone the pain and perils he experienced during the war that claimed the lives of 6 million Jews.

Then came the celebrated 1993 movie "Schindler's List," which ignited public interest in the stories of Holocaust survivors. Coaxed into breaking five decades of near-silence on the subject, Leyson — the youngest member of the group rescued by Schindler — embarked on a public speaking career that took him across the United States and Canada to share his story about coming of age during the Nazis' brutal reign.


FOR THE RECORD:
Leon Leyson: In the Jan. 14 LATExtra section, the obituary of Holocaust survivor Leon Leyson said that he was the youngest member of Schindler's List, the group of 1,100 Jews saved from the Nazis by German industrialist Oskar Schindler. Definitive records are unavailable in many cases, but contemporaries and Chapman University Holocaust expert Marilyn Harran consider him one of the youngest. —


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"Any time he told his story he never used notes, he never gave the same talk twice. It always came from the head and the heart," said his friend and Chapman University religious studies professor Marilyn Harran. "It made people walk away wanting to be better people, to care more, to remember not only the Holocaust but to remember that we can never be indifferent."

Leyson, a longtime resident of Fullerton, died Saturday in Whittier after a four-year battle with lymphoma, his daughter Stacy Wilfong said. He was 83.

She said her father was reluctant to talk about the war years because he "didn't think anybody was interested. He didn't have public speaking experience. He didn't think he was going to be any good."

His reticence may also have been due to his attitude that, having been given a second chance at life, he just wanted to get on with it.

"The truth is, I did not live my life in the shadow of the Holocaust," he told the Portland Oregonian in 1997. "I did not give my children a legacy of fear. I gave them a legacy of freedom."

The youngest of five children of a glass factory worker and his wife, Leyson was born Sept. 15, 1929, in Narewka, Poland, a village near the Russian border. He later moved to Krakow with his family.

He was a few weeks shy of his 10th birthday in 1939 when German forces invaded Poland and life as he had known it began to crumble.

Six months after the invasion, Poland's Jews were ordered into a section of Krakow enclosed by a fence, the tops of which, Leyson often recalled, resembled grave markers. "I don't think that was an accident," he told the Los Angeles Times in 1994. His parents loaded their belongings onto a wagon and were crammed into one bedroom of an apartment in the Jewish ghetto with only a sheet separating them from another family.

Random shootings of Jews escalated into mass killings and deportations to extermination camps. The two constants in his life became hunger and fear.

One time when SS commandos surrounded the ghetto, he and a few other boys hid in the attic crawl space of a building next to their apartment. His mother, Anna, and another boy's mother remained outside. But when the sound of gunshots and mayhem grew louder, Leyson's mother scrambled into the cramped hideaway and with the boys watched in horror as the commandos took the other mother away.

"I can recount dozens of times where if I had stepped … to my left I would have been gone, or if I happened to step to my right," Leyson told The Times. "It wasn't anything like being smart or clever or anything like that."

Two of his brothers also were killed. Older brother Hershel had fled to the family's village and died in a massacre of its 500 residents.

Another brother, Tsalig, was taken from the ghetto and placed on a train to a concentration camp. In "Schindler's List," the Steven Spielberg movie based on the book by Thomas Keneally, Schindler is shown getting on the train to save his accountant. He recognized Leyson's brother and tried to save him, but the 16-year-old refused to budge because he was with his girlfriend, who was not on Schindler's list of employees.

"Leon could never make it through this painful part of his talk without breaking down," but didn't stop there because of "his determination and tenacity to keep telling the story," said William Elperin, president of the 1939 Club, an organization of Holocaust survivors and descendants.

After seeing the movie at a screening, Leyson was awed, particularly by scenes showing boys running from the Nazi commandos. "It was like having an out-of-body experience," he told The Times, "because those little kids who were … trying to get away from the Sondercommando — that was me. That was my friends."

His only criticism was that he felt the film emphasized the imperfections in Schindler's character — the womanizing, profiteering and Nazi ties — and did not show enough of the businessman's "basic human decency." Leyson worked 12-hour shifts like the adult Jews, but Schindler doubled his rations when he saw how weak he was and took him off the line when his eyesight began to falter. He left packs of cigarettes for Leyson's father and added Leyson's mother and surviving siblings to his list, making them one of the few families he took under wing.

"He put everything on the line," Leyson said of Schindler in the Fort Collins Coloradan in 2010. "Even to treat us as human being was against the law.... He did it because he was a decent human being."

Leyson immigrated to America in 1949. His work experience in Schindler's factories led him to study industrial arts at L.A. City College and Cal State L.A. before earning a master's in education from Pepperdine University in 1970. He taught machine shop and was a guidance counselor at Huntington Park High School for four decades, retiring in 1997.

In addition to his daughter Stacy of Warrenton, Va., he is survived by his wife of 46 years, Lis; a son Daniel, of Los Angeles; a sister, Aviva Nissenbaum, and a brother, David, both of Israel; and six grandchildren.

A public memorial will be held at noon Feb. 17 at the Chapman University chapel.

Leyson saw Schindler for the last time in 1974, just before the man regarded as a savior of Jews died. Schindler was on a visit to L.A. and Leyson joined the group of Jews who greeted him at the airport.

He started to introduce himself, but found it wasn't necessary.

"I know who you are," Schindler said, grinning at the middle-aged man before him. "You're Little Leyson."

elaine.woo@latimes.com

Copyright © 2014, Los Angeles Times
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