An anti-Stalinist conference of leading intellectuals and human rights activists from across the Soviet Union proposed Nobel Peace laureate Andrei D. Sakharov as a candidate for the Soviet Parliament. The Moscow conference, attended by about 600 delegates, also called for Soviet citizenship to be restored to exiled Nobel literature laureate Alexander I. Solzhenitsyn. The conference was called to prepare for the formal launching of a new organization, called Memorial, which seeks to prevent a resurgence of political repression. Its prime goal is the establishment of monuments to the many millions of people who died under Josef Stalin's 29-year rule that ended with his death in 1953. The project has been approved by the Kremlin.