With its dark Burma teak paneled walls, Douglas fir beams, white oak floors and Port Orford cedar porches, the 86-year-old Gamble House carries out what its admirers call "a symphony in wood."
It's a five-bedroom, three-story mansion that elicits "bravos" from assorted students of architecture and history, among countless other visitors, who are asked by volunteer docents to "look at, but not touch" the painstakingly handcrafted woodwork and built-in furniture and cabinetry that dominate its 6,100 square feet of living space.
The Gamble House--built in 1908 for David and Mary Gamble of the Procter & Gamble Co. and custom-designed by renowned architects Charles and Henry Greene--stands as both a National Historic Landmark and an internationally recognized showplace of America's version of the turn-of-the-century Arts and Crafts movement, which stressed that function and form go hand in hand.
What's more, it represents a breakthrough in design--the architects allowing not only Swiss and Japanese wood-crafting but also nature to inspire many of the Gamble House's appointments: dark-shingled siding, lush landscaping, wide terraces, open sleeping porches, cross-ventilation and thick, overhanging eaves that offer shelter from the swelter of Southern California's summers.
Its original price--cheaper than some of today's luxury cars--was $50,400, at a time when three-bedroom houses sold for an average of $1,200, docent Nancy Marino tells visitors.
"There was no budget for this house," she adds. "Just do it!"
In 1966, Gamble family heirs turned over the house and furnishings to the city of Pasadena in a joint arrangement with USC's School of Architecture. Together, they operate and maintain the Gamble House as both a tourist attraction (guided tours begin from noon to 3 p.m. Thursdays through Sundays) and a proud example of cultural and historic preservation.
Oddly, however, the tours and worldwide recognition almost didn't happen.
Marino tells a story of David and Mary Gamble putting the house up for sale during the 1940s and of a prospective buyer complaining about the all-wood interior.
"It's so dark in here!" he told his wife.
"Oh, don't worry--we'll paint everything white ," she replied.
Horrified, the Gambles spared their beloved house such a fate, abruptly pulling it off the market. The rest, as they say, is history.
3 p.m.: The tour begins in the spacious entry hall, its main doors in three panels (inspired by the Japanese) and crafted with Tiffany art glass inlaid with renditions of California oak trees.
Woodworking here, as throughout the house, is hand-polished--distinguished by rounded edges and corners and by pegs that cover all nails and screws.
Some walls, however, contain no nails or screws. Their panels are wedged tightly together by scarf joints, which resemble a long, flat "Z." They are said to be used in shipbuilding and stabilize the walls.
"We've had almost zero damage here," Marino says, "and this house has been through a lot of earthquakes."
3:10 p.m.: In the living room, afternoon sunlight streams through an expanse of windows on the northwest corner, illuminating space otherwise darkened by paneled walls, posts and beams of Burma teak. Built-in benches and cabinets with opaque-glass doors flank the tile fireplace.
When electricity arrived in the early 1900s, many homeowners, including the Gambles, complained that lighting was too harsh. Mary Gamble softened the glare by setting a Tiffany lamp (one of many throughout the house) atop a Honduras mahogany table, which, like all furniture inside the Gamble House, was designed by Greene and Greene. A hanging light fixture, also designed by the Greenes, is turned upward--to bounce light off the ceiling.
3:15 p.m.: The dining room table, fashioned of Santo Domingo mahogany, seats as many as 14.
A glass doorway (again, in three panels) opens to the large brick terrace. At the southwest corner, a window of Tiffany glass picks up the Greenes' recurring theme of nature, changing colors--from bright amber to pinks, greens, blues and purples--as daylight brightens, then fades.
3:25 p.m.: The bright, airy kitchen contains a 1938 Magic Chef stove (the original stove was wood-burning) and opens to a porch where servants had their meals.
To make the Gamble House ever more functional, Greene and Greene designed the countertops to be built of sugar pine, a soft wood that can avert breakage if a glass object is dropped onto it. In the pantry, they angled the cabinet and counter--again rounding off the edges and corners--to reduce the chance of someone accidentally getting hurt by bumping a head or hip.
3:35 p.m.: A rich, shiny teak banister--the only object visitors may touch--is splined and pegged with mahogany, flowing with the gentle incline of the stairwell to the second floor. A 12-foot-long window seat runs the length of the window in the landing; it also lifts on hinges to reveal a storage compartment.
On the landing, too, is a doorway to servants' quarters (now two bedrooms occupied by architecture students who help provide security during hours when the facility is closed).
A nearby bedroom shared by two of the Gambles' three sons during their teens contains a fireplace and opens to a screened porch. Mounted on the walls are replicas of fixtures with carbon-filament bulbs--again, to soften lighting.
Across the hallway is a guest bedroom with a built-in sink and mirror, the only bedroom in the Gamble House without its own bath.
3:40 p.m.: The master bedroom occupies the northwest corner, contains a bath, sleeping porch, fireplace, built-in daybed, a writing desk and dressers built of black walnut (with pegs of ebony and inlays of fruitwood and semiprecious stones), the drawers arranged asymmetrically but in a way that exudes balance just the same.
Other features: indirect-lighting fixtures made of cedar and a wall panel that hides a compartment that once stored jewelry.
3:50 p.m.: On the southwest corner sits the bedroom of Julia Huggins, Mary Gamble's youngest sister. "Aunt Julia" didn't want a fireplace, so the Gambles replaced it with a tile fire wall for her Franklin stove. As it turned out, Pasadena's winters weren't as scathing as those Aunt Julia had experienced back home in Cincinnati, so she never bothered to send for the stove.
4 p.m.: On the top (third) floor is a single room, with daylight and views on all four sides, as well as beams and ceiling panels made of Douglas fir, encased in Port Orford cedar. The room today provides space for lectures and seminars.
The Greenes designed it as a "billiards room," but the teetotaling Gambles would have nothing of the sort. They used it simply as an attic to store junk.
4:05 p.m.: Downstairs again, our tour takes us to the smallest room in the house: David Gamble's study, comfortably equipped with brick fireplace and recliner called a Morris chair. Here, too, are 1906-vintage photos of Charles and Henry Greene, then architects in their 30s, whose vision lives on at the Gamble House.
4:10 p.m.: About 100 feet north of the Gamble House sits the bungalow-like garage, which today serves as a bookstore (with a focus on architecture), where tour tickets may be purchased.
The garage's massive oak doors, with Gothic hinges, remain. So do adjoining day rooms once used by the Gambles' chauffeur and gardener. Fastened into the ceiling are two large hooks shaped like question marks--perfect for hoisting engines while making car repairs back in the old days.
4:45 p.m.: It makes no sense reflecting on the Gamble House and its grandeur on an empty stomach. So catch an early dinner at Chopstix (46 W. Colorado Blvd.)., which serves up moderately priced Chinese cuisine. It's among the numerous eateries and shops of Pasadena's famed Old Town, just a few minutes' drive from the Gamble House and reputedly one of Greater Los Angeles' best areas for walking.
WHERE AND WHEN
What: Public tours of the Gamble House.
Location: 4 Westmoreland Place (parallels the west side of the 300 block of North Orange Grove Boulevard), Pasadena.
Hours: Noon to 3 p.m., Thursdays through Sundays. (Groups of 10 or more require reservations arranged at least one month in advance.)
Price: $4 adults, $3 people 65 or older, $2 full-time students with ID, free admission to children 12 and younger.
Call: (818) 793-3334 or (213) 681-6427.