WORLD REPORT PROFILE : Krzysztof Piesiewicz : Oscar nominee in Poland writes legal briefs as well as scripts such as ‘Red.’ Oh, we almost forgot: He’s been a senator too.


Krzysztof Piesiewicz was at the top of his profession. Young, righteous and driven, Piesiewicz had built a high-profile career defending Solidarity activists in political trials during the darkest days of communism. He was among the country’s most accomplished anti-Establishment lawyers, and he relished the role.

But like many characters in the acclaimed screenplays he would later author, Piesiewicz had a chance encounter. It happened more than 12 years ago and irrevocably altered the course of his life.

Krzysztof Kieslowski, a celebrated director of documentaries, had obtained a permit to shoot scenes of political trials in Poland.

Fearful that he was being manipulated by the Communist regime, Kieslowski sought advice from someone familiar with the murky courtrooms where underground heroes were routinely interrogated by authorities.


A Polish journalist who knew both men arranged for a meeting. Kieslowski asked for 15 minutes. He got several hours, and as Piesiewicz tells the story, their conversation has never ended.

“We decided we had a lot to tell each other,” Piesiewicz said. “And then, with a sort of grin on his face, he asked me if I wanted to become an artist.”

Today the two men are a sensation in European cinema. And in Hollywood, the latest of their 17 films, “Red,” has been nominated for three Academy Awards, including best screenplay, for which both men are nominated. Three is the most nominations for a foreign film in the history of the awards.

The screenplay of “Red” was an intense collaborative effort, worked and reworked on laptop computers as they commuted between Poland and France, where the inseparable duo spent much of the early 1990s filming a trilogy of movies inspired by the French flag. The final product is something greater than the sum of its parts.

“These are two very outstanding and very special personalities,” said Bozena Janicka, a veteran film critic for the Polish monthly Kino. “The Oscars are a very elegant crowning of a life adventure for them.”

On that pivotal day in 1982, when Kieslowski detected in Piesiewicz a man with extraordinary powers of observation, an unconventional second career was launched for the lawyer, who once penned a college screenplay but whose published works had been confined to underground political newspapers .

Piesiewicz’s first script followed in Kieslowski’s tradition of political documentary.

The movie, “Without an End,” was about martial law in the early 1980s, a timely topic that examined one of the most trying periods in contemporary Poland.

But the film was a flop. Polish audiences were not ready to confront such real-life demons. Loyal Communists rejected it as a handbook for the opposition. And supporters of Solidarity were offended by its frank discussion of the movement’s deep divisions.

The two men accepted the unanimous verdict: They never made another political film.

“We decided art is not here to define things for people or tell them how to do things,” Piesiewicz said. “We came to the understanding that society is made of individuals, and that it is within them that there is either hell or paradise. So we have focused on very basic relationships between people. We started thinking again about love, hate, joy, sadness, death, life.”

A new, successful chapter in Kieslowski’s filmmaking followed, thanks in large part to the creative contribution of a man best known in Poland for his legal smarts and courtroom polemics.

“He turned out to be a man with two souls,” said Edward Wende, Piesiewicz’s law partner and a member of the Polish Senate. “On one side, he is a brilliant lawyer who is pragmatic and professional. On the other, it was later revealed, he is a sensitive artist with a great talent for writing.”

Piesiewicz, a self-assured and serious man who shares Kieslowski’s reputation as an aloof and reluctant public figure, took to screenwriting with a vengeance. But he never abandoned his legal profession or his political causes.

After the fall of communism in 1989, he too served a term as a senator, representing Solidarity, the Polish trade union and political party. For three years, he commuted between Paris, where he was filming, and Warsaw, where he continued to work as an attorney and sit in the Senate.

Piesiewicz, 49, said he still enjoys courtroom work and hopes to keep up with his profession for other reasons: His clients provide inspiration for his screenwriting.

“Sometimes I am sitting in my law office speaking to someone, when suddenly I realize I am not listening,” he said. “I am thinking of the person and observing him. When I am very much involved in writing a screenplay, I begin looking at the world like a series of frames.”

What has resulted is a succession of critically acclaimed films about ordinary people and “the deceptively casual connections of life that human beings tentatively make, narrowly miss, or avoid at all cost,” wrote one film critic in characterizing his work.

The films are deliberately devoid of the action and pace many American viewers have come to expect from movies. Instead, they offer a typically Polish hue to life, where the banalities of everyday existence are laced with poetic images and mystic introspection, sometimes in a distinctly non-linear fashion. Dialogue is sparse. Pictures bear the burden of telling the story. There is hope, but there is mostly loneliness and despair.

Piesiewicz has loyally toiled in the great director’s shadow, but his imprint on their work has been indelible and his equal standing never in question.

It was Piesiewicz’s idea to rebound from the martial-law film with “Decalogue,” a collection of 10 short films based on the Ten Commandments. The series was made for Polish television, but it aired around the world and, like many of their films, enjoyed greater popularity internationally than in Poland.

Other films followed, including “The Double Life of Veronique” and the trilogy loosely based on the French tricolor-- “Blue,” “White” and, most recently, “Red,” which tells the unlikely story of a young model and a reclusive former judge whose very different lives happen to cross, with unexpected consequences for both of them.

With the release of “Red,” Piesiewicz has reached a crossroads in his screenwriting career. Kieslowski has said he wants to retire from directing. Few people believe him, but Piesiewicz has begun to contemplate life without his mentor. He says he would like to write novels, or perhaps continue penning screenplays with--or perhaps without--Kieslowski.

He has already fielded inquiries from studios in Hollywood, but he is wary of losing creative control.

He said he recently sent a 40-page proposal to one Hollywood executive and was shocked to receive in return 25 pages of suggested changes.

Karpinski, the head of the screenwriters guild, said Piesiewicz’s work is so closely linked to Kieslowski that it will be difficult for him to go it alone. Piesiewicz is still viewed as a lawyer who happens to write scripts, not a screenwriter who dabbles in law, he said.

But if Piesiewicz were a character in one of his own films, the sudden loss of a longtime collaborator would open the door to some unexpected life discovery. Piesiewicz is counting on life mirroring his art.

“I didn’t expect to have such a rich life,” Piesiewicz said. “I am broadening myself and participating in so many things.”


Titles: Lawyer, screenwriter

Age: 49

Personal: Married with 2 children. Graduate of Warsaw University Law Department. Defense lawyer in Solidarity political trials under communism. Senator in Polish Parliament, 1991-93. Co-author of numerous screenplays with Polish director Krzysztof Kieslowski. Nominated for 1995 Oscar for best screenplay for “Red.”