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COLLEGE SCANDALS

College gambling scandals, according to the Associated Press:

* Jan. 17, 1951--Henry Poppe and John Byrnes, co-captains of the 1950 Manhattan team, and three other men were arrested in an attempt to fix a Manhattan-DePaul game. Poppe and Byrnes later were given suspended sentences, put on probation for three years and banned from professional sports.

* Feb. 18, 1951--City College of New York basketball players Ed Warner, Ed Roman and Edward Gard were ordered arrested on bribery charges, along with two professional gamblers and two intermediaries in a fixing scandal that would involve college teams across the country.

* Feb. 20, 1951--Sherman White, LeRoy Smith and Adolph Bigos of Long Island University were arrested for taking bribes from gamblers.

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* July 24, 1951--Bradley basketball players Gene Melchiorre, Fred Mann, Bud Grover, Aaron Preece and Jim Kelly admitted taking bribes from gamblers to hold down scores in two games.

* Oct. 20, 1951--Alex Groza, Ralph Beard and Dale Barnstable of Kentucky were arrested for accepting $500 bribes to shave points in a game at Madison Square Garden on March 14, 1949. Groza and Beard were suspended from professional basketball by NBA President Maurice Podoloff. Groza, Beard and Barnstable later were given suspended sentences and put on indefinite probation. A judge also barred Groza, Beard and Barnstable from all sports for three years.

* March 2, 1952--Bill Spivey, Kentucky’s All-American center, was barred from athletics at the university, although he was not implicated in point-shaving.

* Jan. 10, 1954--Jack Molinas of the Fort Wayne Pistons was suspended for gambling.

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* May 17, 1962--Molinas was arrested on charges he headed a ring fixing college games. Players from Utah, Bowling Green, Alabama and College of the Pacific testified against him. Two professional gamblers, Aaron Wagman and Joseph Hacken, were arrested and charged with fixing games; 37 players from 22 schools were implicated. Molinas was convicted and sentenced to 10-15 years in prison.

* Aug. 16, 1961--St. Joseph’s of Pennsylvania was stripped of its third-place finish in 1961 NCAA basketball tournament. Caught in the fallout was Connie Hawkins, who had been recruited to play at Iowa. Hawkins was supposed to have introduced a gambler to a fellow player. He was tossed out of school and barred from playing in the NBA despite never being charged with fixing a game. The NBA later reinstated him.

* Nov. 24, 1981--Rick Kuhn, former basketball player for Boston College, and four others were found guilty of conspiring to shave points to fix basketball games in the 1978-79 season. Kuhn later was sentenced to 10 years.

* March 27, 1985--John Williams of Tulane was arrested, accused of participating in a scheme to fix games. The next month, Tulane voted to end the basketball program after 72 years. The charges later were dismissed.

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* July 10, 1995--Maryland quarterback Scott Milanovich was suspended by the NCAA for eight games for betting on college basketball, allegedly making six bets totaling $200 in 1992, 1993 and 1994. The NCAA later reduced the suspension to four games. Four other athletes were suspended, including basketball player Matt Raydo, who was ruled ineligible for 20 games of the 1995-96 season. Football players Jermaine Lewis, Jaron Hairston and Farad Hall were suspended for one game each.

* Nov. 6, 1996--Thirteen Boston College football players were suspended for betting on college and pro football and on major league baseball games. Two of those players bet against their team in an Oct. 26 loss to Syracuse. The Middlesex County district attorney said there was no evidence of point-shaving.

* Dec. 5, 1997--Former Arizona State basketball players Stevin “Hedake” Smith and Isaac Burton Jr. pleaded guilty to charges of conspiracy to commit sports bribery in a point-shaving scheme. Smith and Burton admitted taking payoffs for shaving points in four Arizona State home games in the 1993-94 season.

* March 26, 1998--Two former Northwestern basketball players were indicted on charges of shaving points in three of the school’s basketball games during the 1994-1995 season. An FBI investigation produced charges against Kenneth Dion Lee and Dewey Williams as well two others accused of illegal gambling and another former athlete charged in a separate indictment. Kevin Pendergast and Brian Irving were charged with conspiring to fix the outcome of three games in the ’94-95 season. The third former Northwestern athlete, Brian Ballerini, was charged with accepting bets on sporting events from other Northwestern athletes, including Lee.

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