If the front line for defense of California against terrorism starts with Gov. Gray Davis and the Legislature, a potentially costly arsenal of proposed new weapons has been unsheathed.
So far, about one dozen terrorism-related bills have been introduced, including a Davis budget that leans heavily on the disputed expectation that the federal government will cover a substantial chunk of California's anti-terrorism costs.
"The horror of Sept. 11 is seared in our hearts and minds forever," Davis told the Legislature in his State of the State speech earlier this month. In calling for protections of the California homeland, he repeated the date Sept. 11 at least 10 times.
Davis' Wiretap Proposal
Dealt Early Setback
Legislative ideas abound. For starters, one bill would have California motorists help finance the fight against terrorism and display their patriotism at the same time by purchasing Sept. 11 memorial license plates at $50 apiece.
Davis' proposed budget would vastly intensify California Highway Patrol efforts to protect people and possible structural targets by hiring 316 officers, acquiring five helicopters and buying other enforcement tools at a cost of $89.5 million in federal funds.
Other bills propose that local police, firefighters, hospitals and other emergency agencies would receive hundreds of millions of dollars in state aid from proposed bond issues or, in one measure given little chance of passage, a full-cent increase in the statewide sales tax.
Under a plan formulated by Assembly Republicans, terrorists convicted of planting biological or other weapons of mass destruction at bridges or tunnels would face 25 years in prison. In another bill, special care would be directed to the health needs of children in case of a terrorist attack.
But for Democrat Davis, who is seeking a second term, the opening round in the Legislature was a setback. His bill (AB 74) to give local police and sheriffs the legal authority to conduct "roving" taps of the e-mail and cell phone conversations of suspected terrorists was aborted in the Assembly Public Safety Committee last week.
The author, Assemblyman Carl Washington (D-Paramount), stripped the bill's controversial eavesdropping features when he was confronted with an opinion from the Legislature's lawyer, who warned that federal law prohibits states from conducting roaming wiretaps.
Assistants said Davis would try to find another way to get at the mobile electronic communications of suspected terrorists. But Senate President pro tem John Burton (D-San Francisco) said he does not expect the Legislature to enact sweeping anti-terrorism laws this year.
Burton, a liberal, argued that the federal government has mostly preempted the arena of fighting terrorism, especially criminal acts.
"The state's role is basically emergency response," Burton said, dismissing as election-year posturing the introduction of Sept. 11 proposals that have little serious chance of becoming law.
"Everybody is jumping in with stuff that is really irrelevant," he said. "I think people see it as a good political issue. I'm against terrorism and I haven't met anybody who is for terrorism."
The Senate created a special committee, headed by Republican Sen. Bruce McPherson of Santa Cruz, to analyze anti-terrorism actions the U.S. government is taking and to offer proposals that would fill gaps in California.
"We are going to [produce] something with immediacy attached to it," McPherson said, noting that training emergency "responders" in how to handle various kinds of terrorist attacks is a top priority with officials of the state Office of Emergency Services. As a first step, McPherson and Burton have introduced a bill (SB 1350) to train instructors who, in turn, would train others in coping with potential acts of mass destruction, such as bioterrorism. They said the training probably could be done within existing budgets.
However, no one knows the eventual price tag of protecting the state. McPherson and others said the federal government appears to be the most likely source of financial help.
In his budget, Davis envisions a $1-billion infusion of federal aid for California, including about $350 million for security-related issues.
But nonpartisan Legislative Budget Analyst Elizabeth Hill cautioned against expecting the full amount. She did agree that some federal aid would be forthcoming, but "it is unlikely to meet expectations."
One potential source of state income is a bill (AB 1759) by Assembly Speaker-elect Herb Wesson (D-Culver City) that would create a patriotic license plate. Sales of the $50 plates would help finance anti-terrorism activities of state and local law enforcement departments and provide college scholarships for spouses and dependent children of Californians killed in the Sept. 11 attacks.
Legislative aides estimate that the plates could bring in $4 million to $5 million a year, with law enforcement receiving 85% and the rest going to the scholarships.
The California bill is modeled on a Michigan program implemented a month after the Sept. 11 attacks. That state's red, white and blue plate includes the U.S. flag and the words "Proud to be an American."
More than 10,000 plates were sold in the first month they were available. The total now is more than 15,000, raising almost $400,000, said Michigan Secretary of State Candice S. Miller, who proposed the patriotic plate.
Governor's Big Plans
for Federal Funds
Davis' budget envisions one of the biggest expansions of the CHP ever, most of it paid for by the federal government. The addition of 316 officers would bring the total to about 7,000. The proposal also would expand the patrol's air force by five helicopters at a cost of about $3 million each.
Additionally, the governor wants $2.3 million to purchase protective clothing for officers in case of a chemical or biological attack, including nerve gas antidote kits.
D.O. "Spike" Helmick, commissioner of the CHP, said about half of the new officers would be assigned to inspect trucks for terrorist materials at highway truck scales. Under the plan, these stations would be upgraded from part-time truck weighing facilities to permanent, round-the-clock centers for inspecting big rigs hauling biological and chemical agents.
"The biggest potential mover of those kinds of products is trucks," Helmick said.
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At a glance, here is a sampling of terrorism-related legislation that has been introduced in the Assembly and state Senate.
* Bonds: A $500,000 bond issue by Assemblyman Dario Frommer (D-Los Feliz) that would help pay for new equipment and other residentresidenthomeland defenseearsears costs of city police, county sheriffs, fire departments, trauma centers and public health departments. (AB 1815)
* Children: By Sen. Martha Escutia (D-Whittier), directs the California Environmental Protection Agency to help health care providers, hospitals, schools and others prepare for possible biological or chemical attack, and orders that children must get proper medical care in case of attack, subject to receipt of federal funds. (SB 1260)
* Buildings: Earmarks proceeds from the sale of an unspecified amount of bonds for the construction, acquisition, retrofitting or repair of state and local government structures so they could withstand an attack by terrorists. The bill is by Sen. Kevin Murray (D-Culver City). (SB 1279)
* Benefits: Makes retroactive to Sept. 11 newly increased unemployment benefits for workers who lost their jobs as a result of the terrorist attacks. By Sen. Richard Alarcon (D-Sylmar). (SB 2X)
* Remember: Designates each Sept. 11 as a Day of Remembrance and Service in memory of people killed in the attacks on the World Trade Center and Pentagon and in the crash of a hijacked airliner in Pennsylvania. By Assemblywoman Jenny Oropeza (D-Long Beach). (AJR 127)
* Money: Appeals to President Bush and Congress to provide U.S. anti-terrorism funds to states and local governments. By Assemblywoman Helen Thomson (D-Davis). (AJR 31)