Few newspapers or magazines escaped 2009 without losses and the Jewish Journal of Greater Los Angeles suffered like many others.
Operators of the weekly news outlet trimmed staff. They cut salaries 20%. Still, they worried whether the Journal — chronicler of a variety of topics including Torah portions, sexual mores, Mideast politics and entertainment industry chatter — would make it to its 25th anniversary next year.
But by banking hard on two of the most robust growth trends in 21st century media — niche journalism and philanthropy — the Jewish Journal appears to have extended its life expectancy and expanded its coverage of Jewish life in Southern California.
If the experience holds lessons for other ethnic and religious-oriented publishers, it's that you can do good by being good. But it's just as important to have a business plan, friends in the right places and a target audience with a lot of disposable income.
The Journal, its related website and a nascent monthly magazine recently nailed down a critical $800,000 donation that should rejuvenate the organization and guarantee its viability for the foreseeable future.
The money came from four philanthropists — Westfield mall Chief Executive Peter Lowy, Internet executive and venture capitalist Art Bilger, cooking oil maker and long-time Journal board member Irwin Field and a fourth, anonymous, donor.
On a $4-million annual operating budget, the contributions will "give it a very stable foundation and allow us to grow all these parts of the operation," said Lowy, who said he expects advertising to cover more than 90% of the expenses in future years with ongoing fundraising to cover the rest.
"The future for print media isn't the rosiest, but this is a way we can add philanthropy to a business enterprise," Lowy said. "This is an experiment in what I would call a community media group. The Journal is very important to the Jewish community. But we think this might work for any communal group."
The magazine-style Jewish Journal, with its glossy cover and newsprint innards, has been evolving in the decade since Rob Eshman became editor in chief and, in particular, since it broke away from the Jewish Federation of Greater Los Angeles in 2005.
Eshman has overseen a bolder editorial course, with more lifestyle stories (Sample blog item: "Why is Hollywood hot for circumcision?") and competing political voices than when the Journal relied on the Jewish Federation, with its paying members as subscribers.
"The Federation is an overpowering old institution. It's very traditional and very reluctant to take a stand," said Bill Boyarsky, a Journal columnist and previously city editor of the Los Angeles Times. "Rob brought a fresh and independent voice."
Among the array of columnists Eshman has brought to print: conservative radio host Dennis Prager, who recently hit the left for its readiness to invoke images of the Holocaust, and liberal academic David Myers, a UCLA history professor who wrote last year that Jewish citizens were being favored over Arabs in Jerusalem's ceaseless land disputes.
The Journal also has first-rate commentators in other fields, with Martin Kaplan writing about media, Raphael Sonenshein about politics and Jonathan Kirsch about books.
Generally thorough and professional in tone, the Journal covers stories unlikely to pop up in other L.A. media — such as alleged financial fraud committed by a group of Iranian Jewish investment managers and the struggles of a couple who lost two grown children to violent deaths. (The latter story inspired donations from Journal readers, including one who ponied up two years of mortgage payments for the couple.)
But the Journal also, on occasion, does little to rock its audience from its comfort zone.
In a story last month on tensions between Muslim and Jewish students at UC Irvine, for example, the Muslim point of view was so muted as to be nearly inaudible. The first quote from anyone associated with Islam came about midway through the story.
Although the story explained that representatives of the Muslim Student Union had declined to comment, the tone suggested there wasn't much determination for finding and representing that point of view.
"They are informing folks out there what is going on in the community and extolling positive developments in the community on the one hand," said Myers, who specializes in Jewish history at UCLA, "and then on the other hand, aspiring to a level of journalistic excellence and truth telling. That is the core tension for a Jewish newspaper."
Although it unyoked itself from the Federation and its shrinking membership, the Journal did not immediately thrive. Its circulation had declined from 50,000 to roughly 30,000 and it relied almost solely on advertising from Jewish organizations.
Rather than pull back, however, Eshman and company have pushed the paper's circulation back to 50,000, with hopes of going higher, while expanding Internet offerings and launching a monthly magazine, Tribe, that will soon be out with its sixth issue.
Most readers pick up the Jewish Journal, which is free, at businesses on the Westside and in the San Fernando Valley, while the magazine, with initial circulation of 15,000, reaches up the coast to Ventura and Santa Barbara.
The high-end readership for both publications, with an average household income said to reach above $260,000, has allowed Tribe Media Corp. to reach beyond its demographic and appeal to a new group of advertisers.
Ads for Jewish mortuaries, summer camps, charities and schools still dot its pages. But with the hiring a couple of years ago of a new top ad executive, the company has broadened its horizons significantly. Steven Karash, previously of the New York Times, has helped lure buys from Porsche dealers, the Four Seasons hotel, Saint John's Health Center, the House of Blues and, recently, the city of Rancho Mirage, whose resorts are a frequent destination of Jewish visitors. Even Macy's department stores are looking at hopping on board.
"People now are looking at us as a media group," Karash said, "and not just for an ethnic buy but for a niche buy with an affluent audience."
While Jewish news outlets in Las Vegas and other communities had been folding, the Jewish Journal made enough improvements, despite the brutal economic downturn, that it showed promise. Its expanded Web offerings, including a social networking/dating site, everyjew.com. The online audience has grown to 350,000 unique visitors a month.
Like many other news outlets, the Journal's managers want to find ways to make money off those online users.
If they can solve that one, they'll truly have found a model for the new niche journalism.