U.S. household debt exceeds $14 trillion for the first time

$20 bills
Total debt for people ages 18 to 29 rose to a record $1.04 trillion.
(Elise Amendola / Associated Press)

Americans increased their borrowing for the 22nd straight quarter as more households took out loans to buy homes or refinance mortgages, according to a report released Tuesday from the Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

Total U.S. household debt rose by $601 billion in the fourth quarter compared with a year earlier, up 4.4%, and surpassed $14 trillion for the first time, the New York Fed’s quarterly household credit and debt report showed. That’s $1.5 trillion above the previous peak, reached in the third quarter of 2008. Overall household debt is now 26.8% above the low reached in the second quarter of 2013.

Mortgage borrowing rose by $120 billion to total $9.56 trillion. The rate for a 30-year mortgage has fallen by about 100 basis points over the last year, adding to home purchasers’ buying power. For example, a $500,000, 30-year loan costs about $300 less per month.


“Mortgage originations, including refinances, increased significantly in the final quarter of 2019,” Wilbert Van Der Klaauw, vice president at the New York Fed, said in a statement.

Mortgage loans for young adults ages 18 to 29 rose to the highest level since the third quarter of 2007. Originations for 30-year-olds rose to $210.1 billion last quarter — the highest level since the end of 2005.

Total debt for people ages 18 to 29 rose to a record $1.04 trillion.

Student debt increased to $1.51 trillion, up from $1.46 trillion at the end of 2018. More than $100 billion in student debt is held by people ages 60 and over.

One in nine student-loan borrowers were 90-plus days delinquent or in default in 2019, and this figure may be understated. About half of student loans are in deferment, in grace periods or in forbearance and therefore temporarily not in the repayment cycle. Once these loans enter that cycle, delinquency rates are projected to be roughly twice as high, according to the Fed report.

Auto debt, which has risen for 35 consecutive quarters, rose to $1.33 trillion — up $16 billion from the previous quarter. Almost 5% of auto loans are 90 days or more delinquent, the highest percentage since the third quarter of 2011.

Credit card debt rose to a record $930 billion. Delinquencies in that category rose to 8.36%, an 18-month high.