Still hiring: Big Tech layoffs give other sectors an opening

Georgia State University students during the Startup Student Connection job fair, Wednesday, March 29, 2023, in Atlanta.
Georgia State University students Kavita Javalagi, left, and Gana Natarajan speak with Shetundra Pinkston during the Startup Student Connection job fair March 29 in Atlanta.
(Alex Slitz / Associated Press)
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For the thousands of workers who’d never experienced upheaval in the tech sector, the recent mass layoffs at Google, Microsoft, Amazon and Meta came as a shock.

Now they are being courted by long-established employers whose names aren’t synonymous with tech work, including hotel chains, retailers, investment firms, railroad companies and even the Internal Revenue Service.

Those sectors have signaled on recruiting platforms that they are hiring software engineers, data scientists and cybersecurity specialists. It’s a chance for them to level the playing field against tech giants that have long had their pick of the top talent through lucrative compensation, alluring perks and sheer name recognition.


No employer is making a more aggressive push than the country’s largest: The federal government is aiming to hire 22,000 tech workers in fiscal year 2023. Federal agencies have participated in a series of “Tech to Gov” job forums targeted in part at laid-off workers, hoping to ease the chronic labor shortages that have hindered efforts to strengthen cybersecurity defenses and modernize the way benefits are delivered and taxes are collected.

“It’s a real opportunity for the federal government,” said Rob Shriver, deputy director of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management. “We have just about any tech job that anybody could possibly be interested in in the federal government.”

Tech job postings in the federal government, as well as at the state and local levels, soared 48% in the first three months of 2023 versus the same period last year, according to an analysis by tech trade group CompTIA of data from Lightcast, a labor analytics firm. It was a sharp contrast to the 33% decrease in job openings during that period in the tech industry and a 31.5% slowdown in such postings across the economy, according to CompTIA’s figures.

Tech hiring reached an all-time high of more than 4 million in 2022 but began to fall off in the second half of the year, according to CompTIA. This year, there were 1.26 million tech postings between January and May, similar to pre-pandemic years, said Tim Herbert, chief research officer at CompTIA.

To be sure, the competition for talent remains tight, and many tech companies are still hiring — just more slowly. The unemployment rate for tech workers is just 2%. But some who lost their jobs in Big Tech swiftly landed jobs at other types of firms.

Wildly profitable tech companies are citing an as-yet notional recession to make deep workforce cuts. They may have another agenda.

Jan. 30, 2023

After Hector Garcia, 53, was laid off by Meta’s Facebook in November, it didn’t take long for him to be snapped up by Abbott, the Chicago-based global health company, which expects to hire hundreds of software engineers, data architects and cybersecurity analysts over the next few years.


“I decided to go for something that I hadn’t done before,” said Garcia, a data architect. He said he got offers from tech firms but was intrigued by the idea of working for a manufacturer that produces something tangible in medical devices.

Jonathan Johnson, chief executive of online retailer Overstock, said he saw a 20% increase in applications for tech job openings in the first quarter, compared with the same period a year ago. He noted that it’s taking less time to fill positions than it did a year ago and that the quality of applicants has improved.

“There’s less demand and more supply,” Johnson said.

The layoffs have been especially shocking for the newest generation of workers, who are too young to remember the burst of the dot-com bubble in 2000 and “grew up consuming the apps and services of the big tech brands,” said Christine Cruzvergara, chief education strategy officer for Handshake, a career site for college students and graduates.

“The volatility and layoffs of the past year rocked that image of stability and growth,” Cruzvergara said.

During the 2022-23 school year, the share of applications by tech majors to tech companies on Handshake fell by 4.4 percentage points from the previous year. In contrast, the share of applications by tech majors to government jobs on the platform grew by 2.5 percentage points.

Tech firms still saw a 46% increase in applications from tech majors, as Handshake received more applications overall from that group. But applications for government jobs rose much faster, tripling from last year. Hospitality and healthcare jobs also saw an increase in applications from tech majors — 18% and 82%, respectively — and their share of applicants from that pool remained steady.


Kevin Monahan, director of Carnegie Mellon University’s Career and Professional Development Center, said he first saw a shift last fall, before some of the biggest layoffs. More students returned from internships saying tech companies weren’t extending offers for jobs or additional internships.

“Indirectly, students were able to see the writing on the wall,” Monahan said.

Ly Na Nguyen, a computer science major at Columbia University, said she went off LinkedIn for a couple of weeks at the height of the layoffs because it was disheartening to read posts from people shocked over their dismissals. Nguyen is happy to be returning to Amazon this summer for another internship, which she said has added prestige to her resume. But overtures from outside Big Tech have grabbed her attention.

The pandemic was a great time to be a tech worker, as business boomed, working remotely became standard and perks flowed like water. Now, things look less certain.

Aug. 31, 2022

“Right now, I’m super flexible,” Nguyen said. “I’d definitely look at a government job.”

In March, young tech workers from several federal agencies spoke at an online forum on Handshake about the government’s urgent need to recruit new talent. Less than 7% of the federal workforce is under the age of 30.

“No one is necessarily going to strike it rich working in the government,” said Chris Kuang, co-founder of the U.S. Digital Corp, a federal fellowship program for early career technologists, answering a question about pay. But he encouraged students to consider benefits such as pension plans, job stability and the possibility of working on “any issue under the sun.”

“In this economy, a federal job will be one of the most secure types out there,” Kuang said.

The government faces plenty of competition from private-sector companies making similar overtures.


Hotels and restaurants also posted slightly more tech jobs in the first quarter of 2023 compared with last year, according to CompTIA figures, as the sector emerges from the turmoil of the pandemic.

Hilton saw a 152% increase in applications to internships and full-time jobs from tech majors on Handshake this school year.

“We do want to demystify the siloed thinking of, ‘Hey, if I want to work in tech, I have to go work at a tech firm,’” Hilton Chief Human Resources Officer Laura Fuentes said at Handshake’s annual conference of leaders from business and higher education.

AP staff writer Anne D’Innocenzio contributed to this story.