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Technology

More kids are watching online videos — and more of them, survey says

YouTube and YouTube Kids app icons
YouTube is young people’s first choice for online videos, even among tweens, the survey says.
(Jenny Kane / Associated Press)

The number of young Americans watching online videos every day has more than doubled in the last four years, according to survey findings released Tuesday. They’re glued to the videos nearly an hour a day, twice as long as they were in 2015.

And often, the survey found, they’re seeing the videos on services such as YouTube that are supposedly off-limits to children younger than 13.

“It really is the air they breathe,” said Michael Robb, senior director of research for Common Sense Media, the nonprofit organization that issued the report. The group tracks young people’s tech habits and offers guidance for parents.

The survey of American youth included the responses of 1,677 young people, ages 8 to 18. Among other things, it found that 56% of 8- to 12-year-olds and 69% of 13- to 18-year-olds watch online videos every day. In 2015, the last time the survey was conducted, those figures were 24% and 34%, respectively. The margin of error was plus or minus 2.8 percentage points.

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Overall screen time hasn’t changed much in those four years, the survey found. The average tween, ages 8 to 12 for the purposes of this survey, spent 4 hours and 44 minutes with entertainment media on digital devices each day. For teens, it was 7 hours and 22 minutes. That did not include the time using devices for homework, reading books or listening to music.

But the findings on video watching indicate just how quickly this generation is shifting from traditional television to streaming services, often viewed on smartphones, tablets and laptops. Among the teens surveyed, only one-third said they enjoyed watching traditional television programming ”a lot,” down from 45% four years ago. Half of tweens said the same, down from 61% in the 2015 survey.

YouTube was their overwhelming first choice for online videos, even among the tweens — three-quarters of whom said they use the site despite age restrictions. Only 23% in that age group said they watch YouTube Kids, a separate service aimed at children under 13. And of those, most still said they preferred regular YouTube.

“It puts a lot of pressure on a parent to figure out what they can reasonably filter,” Robb said.

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When presented with the findings, YouTube — a subsidiary of Alphabet Inc.-owned Google — said that in the coming months, it will share details on ways it is rethinking its approach to kids and families.

For now, YouTube spokesperson Farshad Shadloo reiterated the company’s terms of use on age: ”YouTube is not a site for people under 13.” Among other things, the company also cited its restriction filters and YouTube Kids.

Even so, many children with online access are adept at getting access to regular YouTube or other streaming content — partly because their parents are overwhelmed, said Sarah Domoff, an assistant professor of clinical psychology at Central Michigan University who studies tech’s effects on families and young people.

Those parents could certainly be doing more to track screen time, she said. But, as she sees it, filters on services such as YouTube also aren’t adequate.

“It’s really hard to block out certain things unless you’re really standing over your child,” Domoff said. That’s especially hard to do when devices are portable.

Some are skeptical about how much YouTube will change a service that easily leads its users, young and old alike, down a ”rabbit hole” of video content.

“If your model is built on maintaining attention, it’s really hard to do something,” said Robb, of Common Sense Media.

His advice to families: ”Protect homework time, family time, dinner time and bed time. Have device-free times or zones.”

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Domoff added, “There needs to be a game plan.”


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