Paul Laxalt, the son of Basque immigrants who rose to political power as a Nevada governor, U.S. senator and close ally to Ronald Reagan, has died. He was 96.
Laxalt died Monday at a healthcare facility in Virginia, according to the public relations firm the Ferraro Group.
The conservative Republican had a storied political career, including a brief run for president in 1987. But he described that bid as “the four most miserable months of my life,” and in a 2000 interview with the Associated Press said he was happy to be out of politics.
In the interview, which focused on a memoir he wrote, Laxalt said he wasn’t trying to compete with his brother, the late, award-winning author Robert Laxalt, and planned to “hang on to my day work.”
Robert’s writing included “Sweet Promised Land,” his classic story about the Laxalts’ father, a Basque who left the Pyrenees in 1906 to herd sheep in the American West.
Paul Laxalt’s memoir told of his youth and rapid rise to political prominence in Nevada, his years as a U.S. senator, Reagan confidante, presidential aspirant and, finally, legal advisor and lobbyist.
He refused to write an insider's “kiss and tell” account of the Reagan years, and said he wouldn’t retire on proceeds from the memoir because it avoided a salable mix of “gossip, sex or scandal.”
Laxalt's successes in the political realm fit right into old-fashioned, log cabin American tradition.
Born in Reno and raised in Carson City, Laxalt first learned the Basque language of his immigrant parents. But once he learned English, he got an earful at the small hotel-restaurant his parents ran on Carson City’s main street: lots of political talk, including bourbon-lubricated speeches from top elected officials who would show up for dinner and drinks.
After surviving horrific World War II combat duty in the Philippines, Laxalt married Jackie Ross and went to law school. He returned to Carson City and practiced law with Ross’ father, who later became a federal judge. He started his political career by getting elected district attorney in 1954.
Laxalt won his first statewide race, for lieutenant governor, in 1962. He lost a U.S. Senate race in 1964, but bounced back by winning the governor's race in 1966.
“Not bad for a Basque sheepherder's kid,” Laxalt said.
As Nevada governor, Laxalt was credited with repairing damaged ties between state and federal governments over Nevada’s gambling industry. He had numerous phone conversations with eccentric billionaire Howard Hughes, encouraging Hughes’ casino acquisitions that helped to rid Las Vegas of mob influences.
Laxalt also helped to launch the state’s community college system, first medical school and Lake Tahoe preservation efforts.
After one term as governor, Laxalt left politics and joined his family in a trouble-plagued hotel-casino venture.
The venture led to a bitter libel lawsuit against the Sacramento Bee over stories about the family's Ormsby House hotel-casino.
Laxalt blamed the Bee for the suicide — one day before the lawsuit was settled — of his brother Peter's ex-wife, who had been interviewed by the paper.
Laxalt's marriage to his first wife, with whom he had raised six children, ended in divorce in 1972. He married Carol Wilson in 1976.
Laxalt returned to politics by winning a U.S. Senate seat in 1974, defeating then-Lt. Gov. Harry Reid. When Laxalt retired after two terms in 1987, he had become one of the most popular figures in Nevada's political history.
“Paul Laxalt was the definition of what a leader should be: Kind, thoughtful and eager to extend a hand in friendship, regardless of political affiliation,” Reid, a Democrat who served more than three decades in Congress, said in a statement Monday. “His legacy is secured as one of the finest leaders Nevada has ever known.”
In Washington, Laxalt was one of Reagan's closest and most trusted friends, his link to the Senate and his national campaign chairman, and general chairman of the Republican Party.
One of Laxalt's grandchildren, Adam Laxalt, is the current attorney general in Nevada and the Republican gubernatorial candidate. In a statement, he said his grandfather “never lost sight of who he was or where he came from” and was his “ultimate role model.”