He was a president for another century, another era of American political infighting.
William McKinley spent a little more than four years in the White House before his assassination in 1901 in Buffalo, N.Y. He also is remembered as a mediocre chief executive, controlled by his cronies and pressured into war with Spain by imperialistic newspapers of his day.
Supporters say McKinley’s subtle brilliance is in the details; a Republican president who faced tough decisions in his policy toward China and declared war with Spain over Cuban independence, who brought the U.S. into a new generation as an emerging world power.
Now the former president lies in the middle of a controversy over a mountain in a far-away Western state he never visited. On Monday, President Obama officially re-designated Alaska’s Mt. McKinley as Denali, the original Native-American-inspired name for the tallest mountain in North America.
The name-change has inspired some to cry foul, especially those politicians representing Ohio, McKinley’s birth state, with most saying the name-swipe has disrespected America’s 25th president.
Starting late Sunday and continuing well into Monday, high-ranking Republicans led by House Speaker John Boehner and Ohio Gov. and presidential candidate John Kasich, voiced their disapproval.
“McKinley served our country with distinction during the Civil War as a member of the Army,” said a statement released by Boehner, who has represented the Cincinnati area for more than two decades. The statement detailed McKinley’s resume, including serving as governor of Ohio.
“I’m deeply disappointed in this decision,” Boehner’s statement read.
Denali is a native Koyukon Athabaskan word for “the Great One” or “the High One.” In 1975, Alaska officially recognized Denali as the name of the peak. Five years later, Congress changed the name of Mt. McKinley National Park, where the mountain sits, to Denali National Park and Preserve.
For the Record
Aug. 31, 10:22 p.m.: An earlier version of this article incorrectly stated that the name was changed to Denali National Park in 1975.
Lisa Murkowski, the GOP senator for Alaska who campaigned for the name change, tweeted on Monday that she was “honored” to recognize the mountain as Denali.
For others, the move was tantamount to robbing Gen. George Washington of his obelisk-shaped monument in the nation’s capital, or having workers with drills and sandblasters scaling Mt. Rushmore to efface the memory of one of the four great men memorialized there.
Rep. Bob Gibbs, another Ohio Republican, said of McKinley’s mountain namesake: “This landmark is a testament to his countless years of service to our country.”
The outcry even breached party lines, with Ohio Democratic Rep. Tim Ryan, whose district includes McKinley’s hometown of Niles, insisting that: “We must retain this national landmark’s name to honor the legacy of this great president and patriot.”
On social media, the reaction was a bit more mixed, with many users posting that they don’t care what the mountain is called. “Does it matter what it’s called,” wrote one on the Denali National Park and Preserve’s Facebook page, “just as long as it’s protected and not exploited.”
Added another: “I wonder how many Ohioans have even seen Denali.” And another: “This took too long. I was in grad school when this started and now I’m one year away from getting Medicare.”
Alaska has attempted to change the name to Denali for decades, an effort that had been blocked on a federal level by a stubborn and vigilant contingent from Ohio.
On Monday, Ohio Sen. Rob Portman, a Republican, urged Obama to find another way to preserve McKinley’s legacy in the national park where Denali sits.
McKinley scholars feel caught in the middle.
Kim Kenney, curator of the McKinley Museum and Presidential Library in Canton, Ohio, said the man is bigger than any debate about the name of a mountain.
McKinley does not get enough credit for his time in office. “He’s very overshadowed by Teddy Roosevelt, who is larger than life,” Kenney said.
On some lists of great American presidents, McKinley ranks in the middle.
“He was responsible, through the Spanish-American War, for transforming America’s view of foreign policy from that of isolationism to becoming a legitimate world power.”
She acknowledged, however, that McKinley never set foot in Alaska and that the then-territory did not factor in his presidency.
“His legacy stands no matter what the mountain is called,” Kenney said. “The silver lining in all of this is that people are talking about William McKinley today. He doesn’t get discussed very often -- not these days.”