World & Nation

Montana women were detained by Border Patrol for speaking Spanish, lawsuit says

In this Wednesday, Jan. 23, 2019, photo provided by the ACLU of Montana, Martha Hernandez, left, and
Martha Hernandez, left, and Ana Suda pose in front of the Montana convenience store where they say they were detained by a U.S. Border Patrol agent for speaking Spanish.
(Brooke Swaney / ACLU of Montana)

Two Montana women questioned by a U.S. border agent who overheard them speaking Spanish in a convenience store sued U.S. Customs and Border Protection on Thursday, saying the agent illegally detained them without reason.

The agent held Ana Suda and Martha Hernandez for 40 minutes in a parking lot in the city of Havre in May 2018 without reasonable suspicion or probable cause, according to the lawsuit filed in U.S. District Court in Great Falls.

His only reason for doing so, they say, was because they were talking in Spanish while waiting in line to buy milk and eggs.

Suda took a video of the parking lot encounter with CBP Agent Paul O’Neal in which she asked him why he wanted their identifications.


“Ma’am, the reason I asked you for your ID is because I came in here and I saw that you guys are speaking Spanish, which is very unheard of up here,” O’Neal said in the video.

CBP spokesman Jason Givens said Thursday the agency would not comment on pending litigation.

The women’s ACLU lawyers said O’Neal should have let them go as soon as they identified themselves as U.S. citizens, but he instead detained them in violation of the 4th Amendment, which bars unreasonable searches and seizures.

The lawsuit also claimed the agent targeted them based on their race in violation of the 5th Amendment’s due process protections.


O’Neal and later his supervisor made it clear through their words and actions that the women weren’t free to leave the parking lot, ACLU attorney Alex Rate wrote in the lawsuit.

“Speaking Spanish does not establish reasonable suspicion justifying a stop and detention, much less probable cause for an arrest,” Rate wrote.

Suda and Hernandez are asking for an unspecified amount of money in compensation, punitive damages and a judge’s order barring border officials from stopping or detaining anyone based on race, accent or language.

Suda was born in Texas and moved to Montana with her husband in 2014. Hernandez was born in California and has been living in Montana since 2010. Both are certified nursing assistants who work at an assisted-living center.

Havre is a city of nearly 10,000 people about 30 miles from the U.S.-Canada border and near two Native American reservations. The city’s population is mostly white and about 4% Latino, according to the U.S. census.

In 2017, Border Patrol agents in the Havre sector made 39 arrests. Eleven of those arrested were Mexican.