New York City Police Commissioner William J. Bratton is leaving the nation’s largest police force, after a tenure in which he received credit for keeping crime down and navigated tension between police and minority communities.
Mayor Bill de Blasio announced Tuesday that Bratton will retire next month to enter the private sector, although he and Bratton wouldn’t disclose details. James O’Neill, the department’s top chief, will become commissioner.
Bratton, who led the department in the 1990s before returning in 2014, noted that he was leaving at a fraught point for police-community relations but said he felt confident in the department’s future.
“It is a challenging time for police in America and New York, even though all indicators are pointing in the right direction,” he said.
Between his stints as NYPD commissioner, Bratton served as Los Angeles police chief from 2002 to 2009.
It is a challenging time for police in America and New York.
“As we go forward and face the crises of race in America, crime in America, the threat of terrorism” and the divisiveness of the presidential election, he said, “there is no department that is better prepared.”
De Blasio called Bratton’s contributions to the city “inestimable and extraordinary,” while heralding O’Neill as someone who would lead a push toward neighborhood policing and building trust and working relationships between police and communities. Under Bratton, the city already has made plans to shift toward the neighborhood policing strategy. O’Neill has been heavily involved in those efforts, and de Blasio said neighborhood policing would be in place in 51 precincts as of this fall.
“We’ve tried to redefine our relationship from being the police to being your police," Bratton said.
A Brooklyn native, O’Neill has risen through the NYPD’s ranks for over 30 years, starting as a patrolman in the transit system. He has been chief of department, the department’s highest uniformed position, since November 2014.
O’Neill “is ready to take this department where it’s never been before in terms of a truly deep and consistent bond between police and community,” de Blasio said.
His current tenure at the NYPD was his second. In the first one under Mayor Rudolph Giuliani in the early 1990s, he was credited with driving down crime with a widely copied, data-driven, crime-fighting strategy before his brash style made him an annoyance to the mayor, who forced him out.
Bratton’s seven years leading the LAPD were marked by aggressive, data-driven policing and a significant drop in crime.
But less heralded were his overtures to minority communities and courtship of some of the department’s harshest critics. He took over a department still reeling from racial tensions and the Rampart corruption scandal. When he left, he had succeeded in transforming skeptics not just into supporters but partners in his drive to reduce crime.
Though de Blasio was elected as a sharp critic of a police tactic that involved stopping and searching huge numbers of young black men, he picked Bratton as a sign that he would balance reform with further efforts to drive down crime.
On Bratton’s watch, the NYPD has drastically scaled back its “stop-and-frisk” strategy, but stepped up enforcement against of so-called “quality of life” offenses. Critics said that approach still unfairly targeted minorities and came into play in the chokehold death of Eric Garner during his arrest for allegedly selling loose cigarettes. Garner, who was black, was unarmed; Officer Daniel Pantaleo, who put his arm around Garner’s neck, is white.
Adding to a national wave of concern about police treatment of minorities, Garner’s 2014 death and a grand jury’s decision not to indict Pantaleo sparked protests and tension between the mayor and rank-and-file officers who felt he took protesters’ side.
Then Officers Wenjian Liu and Rafael Ramos were ambushed and shot dead by a gunman who had announced online he planned to kill police in retaliation for Garner’s death. In an extraordinary display of scorn, officers turned their back on the mayor at a hospital on the night of the December 2014 killings and again at the officers’ funerals.
Bratton found himself in the middle, calling the officers’ gesture inappropriate but at the same time noting that it reflected officers’ feelings about “many issues.”
The tensions between the mayor and police eased, but officers have been under scrutiny this summer as concern about police-minority relations has welled anew here and elsewhere.
On Monday, Bronx state Assemblyman Michael Blake, who is black, filed an excessive-force complaint against the NYPD, saying an officer handled him roughly as Blake tried to defuse an argument between officers and residents. The department said that the officer perceived a possible threat to a sergeant when Blake placed a hand on his shoulder and that the officer had apologized.
Meanwhile, the department has been facing a corruption probe. Prosecutors say police accepted $100,000 in free flights, prostitutes, meals and other bribes, and in return arranged for police escorts, special parking and gun permits.
Bratton’s resignation comes a day after Quinnipiac University released a poll finding New Yorkers are sharply divided on how the city is handling crime, but more than half of respondents approving of how Bratton was handling his job.
As tensions between the police and minorities have grown, the mayor, were he to be re-elected next year, will likely be under pressure by his liberal allies to select a more progressive candidate, and likely a commissioner of color.
O’Neill, like Bratton and de Blasio, is white.
Associated Press writer Jonathan Lemire contributed to this report.
10:13 a.m.: This story has been updated with remarks from Bratton and de Blasio, as well as details about a department corruption probe.
9:31 a.m.: This article has been updated with confirmation of Bratton’s resignation from Mayor Bill de Blasio, and with additional details and background.