A White House whistleblower told lawmakers that more than two dozen denials for security clearances have been overturned during the Trump administration, calling Congress her "last hope" for addressing what she considers improper conduct that has left the nation's secrets exposed.
Tricia Newbold, a longtime White House security advisor, told the House Oversight and Reform Committee that she and her colleagues issued "dozens" of denials for security clearance applications that were later approved despite their concerns about blackmail, foreign influence or other red flags, according to panel documents released Monday.
Newbold, an 18-year veteran of the security clearance process who has served under both Republican and Democratic presidents, said she warned her superiors that clearances "were not always adjudicated in the best interest of national security" — and was retaliated against for doing so.
"I would not be doing a service to myself, my country or my children if I sat back knowing that the issues that we have could impact national security," Newbold told the committee, according to a panel document summarizing her allegations.
Newbold added: "I feel that right now this is my last hope to really bring the integrity back into our office."
The allegation comes during an escalating fight over the issue between House Democrats and the White House. Rep. Elijah E. Cummings (D-Md.), the committee chairman, said in a letter to the White House counsel's office that his panel would vote on Tuesday to subpoena at least one individual who overruled Newbold — the committee's first compulsory move aimed at the White House.
Cummings vowed more subpoenas would follow if the White House didn't cooperate with his panel's investigation.
White House officials whose security clearances are being scrutinized by the House Oversight Committee include the president's daughter Ivanka Trump, her husband Jared Kushner and national security advisor John Bolton, according to the panel's letter.
The White House declined immediate comment Monday, and Kushner's legal team did not immediately respond to requests for comment.
The Trump administration has refused to comply with numerous document requests and inquiries Cummings has made on the topic over the last two years. Cummings identified the security clearance process as one of his top priorities after Democrats took the majority in the House last fall, but his panel has yet to receive a single document from the White House on the issue.
"The Committee has given the White House every possible opportunity to cooperate with this investigation, but you have declined," Cummings wrote in the Monday letter to White House Counsel Pat Cipollone. "Your actions are now preventing the committee from obtaining the information it needs to fulfill its constitutional responsibilities."
Cummings later argued: "In light of the grave reports from this whistleblower — and the ongoing refusal of the White House to provide the information we need to conduct our investigation — the committee now plans to proceed with compulsory process and begin authorizing subpoenas, starting at tomorrow's business meeting."
The controversy, Democrats argue, strikes at the heart of their investigations into President Trump. They believe Trump has abused his power and bent the rules to accommodate himself, his children and his allies. And the security clearance issue, they argue, is an example of how he has put his own desires before the interests of the nation.
Multiple newspapers, including the Washington Post, reported that Trump early last year directed his then-chief of staff, John Kelly, to give Kushner a top-secret security clearance — a move that made Kelly so uncomfortable that he documented the request in writing, according to current and former administration officials.
Newbold expressed fear in coming forward, telling the panel: "I'm terrified of going back. I know that this will not be perceived in favor of my intentions, which is to bring back the integrity of the office."
She said she has already faced retaliation for declining to issue security clearances and challenging her superiors as they sought to implement clearance-process changes she disagreed with during the Trump administration.
Newbold said she was suspended without pay for 14 days in late January despite "no prior formal disciplinary action" in her nearly two-decade tenure. And when she returned, she was removed from her position as a "second-level adjudicator" on security clearances and is no longer a direct supervisor.
In her interview with the committee, which was conducted over a weekend, Newbold told the panel that she began keeping a list of employees whose applications were denied but were later given clearances despite concerns about their ties to foreign influence, conflicts of interests, questionable or criminal conduct, financial problems or drug abuse.
That tally now reaches 25, she said, "including two current senior White House officials, as well as contractors and individuals throughout different components of the Executive Office of the President," the letter says.
Newbold named several superiors she took her concerns to, including: Director of Personnel Security Carl Kline; his immediate supervisor, Chief Operations Officer Samuel Price; the White House counsel's office; assistant to the president Marcia Kelly; and Chief Security Officer Crede Bailey.
Newbold told the panel that she knew her denials of security clearances could be overruled. But she was initially concerned about a lack of documentation that went into those decisions and said those were made "without memorializing the risks they were accepting."
In the case of one top White House official, merely described as "Official 1" in committee documents, Newbold said Kline overruled her and another employee's denial of an application amid concerns about foreign influence. But Kline, she said, "failed to address all of the disqualifying concerns listed by Ms. Newbold and the first-line adjudicator," according to a committee summary of her response.
Newbold said another agency contacted her and demanded to know "how we rendered a favorable adjudication," expressing concern about the clearance issued to "Official 1."
Newbold also accused Kline of telling her to, in effect, stand down on concerns about another senior White House official, called "Official 2" by the panel. She said one of her colleagues wrote a 14-page summary of why they were planning to deny the application. But when she told Kline of her plan to agree with her colleague on the matter, Kline "instructed Ms. Newbold, 'do not touch' the case."
Kline later approved the security clearance, she said.
Democrats have already identified Kline as one of the people they want to interview. In his letter to the White House, Cummings said the panel's first subpoena would be to depose Kline, who now works for the Department of Defense.
Newbold also accused Kline of trying to get her to change her recommendation for a security clearance denial for a "high-profile official at the National Security Council," with whom she said Kline was in daily contact on the phone.
"According to Ms. Newbold, Mr. Kline 'called me in his office and asked me to change the recommendation. I said I absolutely would not,'" the committee wrote.
She later added: "I then followed up this conversation with an email to him, letting him know that my reasoning for not changing my recommendation was not me being insubordinate; it was me highlighting that I stand behind my national security recommendation and that he in his position has the opportunity to override me, using the appropriate mitigators."
Newbold also told Kline that he shouldn't be talking with the individual trying to get the clearance because it was "unprofessional" and "it was opening up the door to hinder him from making a fair, unbiased recommendation."
"Official 3" is no longer at the White House, panel Democrats say.
Newbold also raised concerns about new White House security clearance policies that she says put the nation at risk. For example, the White House security office no longer checks the credit of applicants, which she said keeps reviewers from knowing whether applicants could be susceptible to blackmail because of their debts.
Newbold also said the White House was "getting out of control" with the number of interim security clearances awarded to White House officials who didn't yet have permanent clearance status. Those temporary passes enabled aides to access classified information -- including some sensitive information -- for long periods of time.
Some of those individuals never attained that clearance, Newbold told the committee. And in May 2017, another agency also complained about the practice, she added.
Democrats defended Newbold's credentials in their Monday memo and letter, noting that she had served both Democratic and Republican administrations.
"During her interview with committee staff, Ms. Newbold repeatedly made clear that her concerns are based on national security — not on personal animus towards anyone in the White House," Democrats wrote.
Democrats said Newbold complimented Kelly, whom she said was "very receptive and understanding" of her concerns. Kelly later wrote a memo outlining his own concerns with the security clearance process.
The committee in its Monday letter also revealed that it has also spoken with other whistleblowers about the security clearance process, suggesting Newbold's story is unlikely to be the last. For now, however, the individuals were too afraid about the "risk to their careers to come forward publicly," the panel wrote.