Schoolchildren stretch to rub the nose of Abraham Lincoln for good luck, during ceremonies honoring his birthday at the Tomb of President Lincoln on Feb. 12, 2015, in Springfield, Ill.More Abraham Lincoln: Walk in Lincoln’s footsteps 150 years later at preserved sites | Lincoln’s slaying 150 years ago recalled at Ford’s Theatre | Illinois will relive Lincoln’s assassination and funeral | Visiting Gettysburg, Ford’s Theatre and other sites | Re-creation of Lincoln rail trip to Springfield, Ill., is scrapped (Seth Perlman / Associated Press)
Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) was the 16th president of the United States of America. Various sites with a link to him are marking the sesquicentennial of his death with events honoring his legacy.(Alexander Gardner / Getty Images)
The National Park Service commemorates the future president’s time around Lincoln City, Ind., with its Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial, about a three-hour drive south of Indianapolis. This is a reproduction log cabin and homestead located near the original Thomas Lincoln farm.(Spencer County Indiana / Visitors Bureau)
John Johnson, left, and John Blankenberger are volunteers in the Berry-Lincoln store at Lincoln’s New Salem State Historic Site in Illinois. Lincoln lived in New Salem from 1831 to 1837.(Rich Saal / The State Journal-Register)
Tourists visit the Lincoln Home in Springfield, Ill., in this September 1997 file photo. With Springfields scattered across the U.S., the one in Illinois has plenty of competition for claiming the cartoon character Bart Simpson, but it has an exclusive on the nation’s 16th president.(Chris Young / State Journal-Register)
The Old State Capitol State Historic Site, in Springfield, Ill., was built in 1837-1840, and served as the statehouse from 1840 to 1876. It is the site of candidacy announcements by Abraham Lincoln in 1858 and Barack Obama in 2007.(Springfield Convention & Visitor )
Figures of the Lincoln family greet visitors as they stream by the “White House South Portico” exhibit at the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Museum in Springfield, Ill., on Feb. 10, 2015.(Ted Schurter / The State Journal-Register)
Visitors step into an exacting reproduction of Lincoln’s White House office at the moment Lincoln has just revealed to his Cabinet his plans to issue an Emancipation Proclamation at the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Museum in Springfield, Ill.(Ted Schurter / The State Journal-Register)
The War Gallery Scrapbook is an interactive experience using images of the Civil War at the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Museum in Springfield, Ill.(Ted Schurter / The State Journal-Register)
Kalise Gregory counts the number of soldiers in a photograph as she and her classmates from Laketown Elementary School in Springfield, Ill., explore “Journey Two: The White House Years” at the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Museum on Feb. 10, 2015.(Ted Schurter / The State Journal-Register)
Divaunte Bagley and Gweneshia Brown, students from East St. Louis, Ill., tour the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Museum on Nov. 1, 2013.(Rich Saal / The State Journal-Register)
Erica Liapakis examines a copy of the Gettysburg Address written by Lincoln on display at the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Museum in Springfield, Ill., during a special evening display on Nov. 18, 2013.(Ted Schurter / The State Journal-Register)
Kai Takao, 9, of Palatine, Ill., takes a peak at the figure of John Wilkes Booth in the Plaza of Abraham Lincoln Presidential Museum during a break in his performance with the 4 Strings Attached group at the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Museum in Springfield, Ill.(Justin L. Fowler / The State Journal-Register)
Ford’s Theatre stands on the east side of 10th Street NW in between E and F streets in downtown Washington, D.C.(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)
In 1861 John T. Ford leased out the abandoned First Baptist Church on Tenth Street to create Ford’s Theatre, a popular stage for theatrical and musical productions. On April 14, 1865, Abraham Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth during a performance of “Our American Cousin.” The Lincoln Presidential box is upper left in the restored theater.(Maxwell MacKenzie )
Located in the Petersen House across from Ford’s Theatre, this is the room where Abraham Lincoln died on April 15, 1865 at the age of 56. The furnishing in this room are not the originals, but are of the period.(Carol M. Highsmith )
Ford’s Theatre’s Center for Education and Leadership of Ford’s Theatre, left, is adjacent to the Petersen House, where Lincoln died.(Maxwell MacKenzie )
Lincoln was interred at Oak Ridge Cemetery in Springfield, Ill. The site of the Lincoln Tomb, now owned and managed as a state historic site, is marked by a 117-foot tall granite obelisk surmounted with several bronze statues of Lincoln, constructed by 1874.(Joe Sohm / Getty Images)
Scouts carrying their troop’s American flags march out from the Lincoln Tomb during the 69th annual Lincoln Pilgrimage, Sunday, April 27, 2014, in Springfield, Ill.(Justin L. Fowler / The State Journal Register)
Abraham Lincoln’s grave inside rotunda of Lincoln’s Tomb, in Springfield, Ill., on May 5, 2012.(Raymond Boyd / Getty Images)
The Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C.(Adam Korzekwa / Getty Images)
An unidentified participant in the Million Man March takes a break from the rally and reads the inscription on the wall of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., on Oct. 16, 1995. Tens of thousands of black men from across America gathered at the base of the Capitol, and the Mall, in a rally of unity, self-affirmation and protest.(Charles Tasnadi / AP)
The third of four designs for the reverse of the 2009
There’s nothing quite like wandering around the spot where a historic event occurred to help the imagination grasp how it all unfolded. Which is why I was standing on one side of the wraparound balcony in Washington, D.C.'s Ford’s Theatre last year, gazing across to the presidential box where John Wilkes Booth shot Abraham Lincoln before leaping to the stage and freedom.
No wonder Booth broke his leg, I thought. That’s quite a drop.
It wasn’t exactly revelatory, but being able to walk around the theater where that tragic shooting occurred 150 years ago, on April 14, 1865, put those few moments on a human scale and helped make the abstract concrete. As did walking across the street to the Petersen House, where the bleeding and unconscious Lincoln was carried shortly after he was shot, and where he died the next morning.
Lincoln buffs have a range of preserved sites where they can touch the same places that Lincoln did, from his roots in Kentucky to Washington to the Illinois cemetery that holds his body. That so many of those sites have been preserved speaks to Lincoln’s enduring appeal as not only the president who ultimately kept the states united, but as the first of the four U.S. presidents to be assassinated (James Garfield, William McKinley and John F. Kennedy would follow).
But the hagiography surrounding “Honest Abe” also appeals to our sense of what we perceive the nation to be. The overview we all receive as school kids renders him heroic — the Great Emancipator who freed the slaves.
A deeper reading of those tumultuous, bloody days reveals a more nuanced Lincoln, a man open to interpretation. To some, he was a racist who nonetheless believed in the Constitution’s guarantee of rights for all. To others, he was a martyr for freedom and for the country.
Although Northerners credit Lincoln with making the riven country whole, Southern revisionists blame him for the “War of Northern Aggression” and the destruction of the South (never mind that the Confederacy fired the first shots as the states dropped out of the union in the wake of Lincoln’s 1860 election). Booth himself accused Lincoln of tyranny.
And on it goes, each version supported by a small library of research and argument.
Then there’s the publishing legacy. It’s hard to get an accurate count, but some estimates tally more than 16,000 books about Lincoln, more than any other person except Jesus Christ. The Library of Congress’ online catalog lists more than 6,900 books with Lincoln as the subject, compared with more than 2,600 for Kennedy.
The scope of the output makes for an impressive stack. A 34-foot-tall spiral of 6,800 Lincoln books rises inside a staircase at the Ford’s Theatre Center for Education and Leadership (an intimidating sight for someone who was then writing about the guy who killed the guy who killed Lincoln; was there room for another book?).
Of course, there was more to Lincoln’s life than the presidential years, which Lincoln enthusiasts can follow through their own travels. The trail starts at the Abraham Lincoln Birthplace, site of the legendary log cabin in Hodgenville, Ky. (In an unfortunate bit of timing, part of the park is closed for a construction project.) When Lincoln was 7, the family relocated to what is now Lincoln City, Ind., near the Ohio River, where you will find the Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial.
Lincoln’s legal and political career took root in Illinois, and Springfield is a go-to spot with the Lincoln Home National Historic Site, the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library & Museum and the Lincoln Tomb, from which grave robbers tried to steal the body in 1876, leading cemetery caretakers to temporarily hide it elsewhere on the grounds.
But the Washington area reigns supreme for those pursuing Lincoln history. There’s the white Gothic revival Lincoln Cottage at the Soldiers’ Home, where Lincoln lived for some of the war years, and the New York Avenue Presbyterian Church, where the Lincoln family attended services.
Aficionados can sign up for tours that follow the path Booth and co-conspirator David Herold took as they fled Washington for what they hoped would be sanctuary in the Deep South. They made it as far as a tobacco barn near Port Royal, Va., where Herold was captured and Booth shot by Sgt. Boston Corbett, a member of the 16th New York Cavalry. Among the tour stops is the Maryland tavern where Booth and Herold picked up some cached supplies, a place now preserved as the Surratt House Museum.
But the best-known marker anchors one end of the National Mall — the Lincoln Memorial. If visiting Ford’s Theatre puts the assassination on a human scale, then the memorial, with its giant white marble statue of Lincoln in an armchair, does the opposite, reflecting the outsized role Lincoln plays in U.S. history.
And its permanence reinforces something Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton said shortly after Lincoln breathed his last: “Now he belongs to the ages.”
Scott Martelle, a Times editorial writer, is the author of “The Madman and the Assassin: The Strange Life of Boston Corbett, the Man Who Killed John Wilkes Booth.”
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