Question: I will be traveling to Vietnam. Am I legally permitted to bring Vietnamese currency into Vietnam from the United States?
Answer: You may take Vietnamese currency into Vietnam from the U.S. and vice versa.
Just for background: The dong is the national currency issued by the State Bank of Vietnam, the central bank. It is one of those currencies that makes doing math in your head a challenge. Last week 100,000 dong equaled about $4.40.
One of the easiest ways to bone up on the nuts and bolts of a foreign destination, including money and other matters, is through the State Department website (www.travel.state.gov). Its country listings include critical information that could make the difference between a great trip and one that doesn’t make it off the ground.
On the Vietnam page, for instance, it notes there are no currency restrictions on carrying money into or out of the country. (See lat.ms/statevietnampage.) But, it goes on to note, if you are carrying more than 150 million dong (“or foreign currency in excess of 5,000 U.S. dollars or equivalent”) it must be declared whether you’re entering or leaving.
The rules are slightly different for taking money in or out of the U.S., Evan Tarver said. Tarver is a currency and investment analyst for FitSmallBusiness.com, whose website notes that it focuses “on the needs of small business owners,” here and abroad. Tarver is also a frequent traveler.
U.S. Customs and Border Protection doesn’t restrict the amount, but you do need to complete paperwork if it’s more than $10,000. Check out these pages (lat.ms/cbpmoneyrules) to learn what forms you need and to reinforce that a family can’t split the $10K among themselves to avoid filing paperwork. (The money could be confiscated.)
If you’re visiting a developing nation, you may need a bit of cash, but otherwise, Tarver said, most transactions can be taken care of by credit card.
You can get foreign money at many U.S. banks, but author David Swanson, who wrote the Vietnam story on L4-5, said he took no Vietnamese currency on his Da Nang-Hue-Hoi An trip.
Instead, he stopped at an ATM at the airport, where he withdrew between $50 and $100 to be used for cab fare and for small purchases in marketplaces or from street vendors.
Not everyone says no to carrying dough. Karin Esterhammer, formerly of the Los Angeles Times Travel staff and author of the book “So Happiness to Meet You,” about her family’s move to Vietnam, thinks that if you stick only with the places that take cards, you’ll miss the real essence of the country.
“You will need to pay with cash if you venture out beyond the center of the city, which, of course, you will want to do anyway,” she said in an email.
“Small restaurants tucked into alleys and quaint old hotels will give travelers the real flavor of Vietnam. And carrying wads of 100,000-dong bills will make you feel rich!” said Esterhammer, who has since returned to the L.A. area after 2½ years in Vietnam.
A word of warning: Check with your bank to see whether your Personal identification Number, or PIN, and debit card will work in Vietnam or any country you’re visiting. Some countries like four-digit PINs and some like six. PINs are usually easy enough to change, but you would need to do this before leaving.
And, as always, be careful about using ATMs. Those at banks are generally thought to be more secure.
Finally, four tips:
--If you get in a jam, U.S. dollars often are accepted, Swanson said. Most everything else can be bought with a credit card, Swanson and Tarver said.
--Call your credit card company to find out whether your card will be accepted at your destination and ask whether you need to notify the company about your upcoming trip. (Increasingly this notification can be done online. Sometimes the card company doesn’t care that you’re traveling, but it never hurts to ask.)
--Understand that some credit cards incur foreign transaction fees. Jason Steele of the Points Guy website has a current roundup of cards that do not charge the fee (lat.ms/nofeecards).
--Hide some cash, whether U.S., Vietnamese or both, and an extra credit card. If you lose it, or worse, you’ll have a backup.
A “what if” plan is just like having money in the bank.
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