Angering China, Australia ends Hong Kong extradition treaty, extends visas for Hong Kong citizens

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison
Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison speaks at a July 9 news conference at Parliament House in Canberra.
(Mick Tsikas / AAP Image)

Australia suspended its extradition treaty with Hong Kong and extended visa durations for Hong Kong citizens in response to China’s imposition of a tough national security law on the semiautonomous city, the prime minister said Thursday.

Premier Scott Morrison announced a range of visas that will be extended from two to five years for Hong Kongers, and of pathways to permanent residency. It is not clear how many people are expected to get the extensions.

The move comes after China bypassed Hong Kong’s Legislative Council to impose the sweeping security legislation without public consultation. Critics view it as a further deterioration of freedoms promised to the former British colony, a backlash by Beijing after last year’s massive protests in Hong Kong calling for greater democracy and more police accountability.


The national security law prohibits what Beijing views as secessionist, subversive or terrorist activities or as foreign intervention in Hong Kong affairs. Under the law, police now have sweeping powers to conduct searches without warrants and order internet service providers and platforms to remove messages deemed to be in violation of the legislation.

“Our government, together with other governments around the world, have been very consistent in expressing our concerns about the imposition of the national security law on Hong Kong,” Morrison told reporters.

“That national security law constitutes a fundamental change of circumstances in respect to our extradition agreement with Hong Kong,” he said.

On the anniversary of the former British colony’s handover to Chinese rule, thousands defied tear gas and pepper pellets to protest the security law.

July 1, 2020

The Chinese Embassy in Canberra accused Australia of a “serious violation of international law and basic norms governing international relations.”

“We urge the Australian side to immediately stop meddling in Hong Kong affairs and China’s internal affairs,” an embassy statement said. “Otherwise it will lead to nothing but lifting a rock only to hit its own feet.”

Britain, too, is extending residency rights for up to 3 million Hong Kongers eligible for British National Overseas passports, allowing them to live and work in the U.K. for five years.


Canada has suspended its extradition treaty with Hong Kong and is looking at other options, including migration.

The Australian prime minister says Australia is under an increasing cyberattack from a ‘sophisticated state-based cyber actor’ believed to be China.

June 19, 2020

In Australia, the most likely Hong Kongers to benefit from the new policies are the 10,000 already in the country on student and other temporary visas.

Acting Immigration Minister Alan Tudge said he expected the numbers of Hong Kongers who would come to Australia under the new arrangements would be “in the hundreds or low thousands.”

Australia last offered “safe haven” visas to Chinese after the bloody crackdown on pro-democracy protesters around Beijing’s Tiananmen Square in 1989. More than 27,000 Chinese students in Australia at the time were allowed to stay permanently.

Global Times, a pro-Beijing Chinese newspaper, warned this week that “no one should underestimate the repercussions to the Australian economy from a further deterioration of bilateral ties.”

“If the Australian government chooses to continue to interfere in China’s internal affairs, it should be expected that the ‘safe haven’ offer will result in a huge negative impact on the Australian economy, making the issue much more serious than many people would have anticipated,” the newspaper said.


Australia says it doesn’t want a trade war with China, which is angry at Australia’s push for an investigation into its handling of the coronavirus.

May 19, 2020

China accused Australia of spreading disinformation when the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade issued a travel advisory this week warning that Australian visitors could be at risk of arbitrary detention.

The department’s latest advisory for Hong Kong on Thursday warned that visitors could be sent to mainland China to be prosecuted under mainland law.

“You may be at increased risk of detention on vaguely defined national security grounds,” the advisory said. “You could break the law without intending to.”

Australia had negotiated an extradition treaty with China, but shelved it in 2017 when it became clear that the Australian Senate would vote it down. The separate Hong Kong treaty has been in place since 1993, four years before Hong Kong was handed back to China by Britain.