Judy Shelton’s nomination to Federal Reserve stalls in Senate test vote

Judy Shelton on Capitol Hill in February 2020
Conservative economics commentator Judy Shelton, shown in February, is President Trump’s nominee to the Federal Reserve.
(J. Scott Applewhite / Associated Press)

The nomination of Judy Shelton, President Trump’s controversial pick for the Federal Reserve, is stalled in the Senate after a vote Tuesday.

Two key Republicans were absent because of COVID-19-related concerns. The 47-50 vote came as the Republican-controlled Senate continues to focus its energies on confirming Trump’s appointees in the post-election lame-duck session.

Shelton is an unusually caustic critic of the Fed and was opposed by two GOP senators, Susan Collins of Maine and Mitt Romney of Utah, in Tuesday’s vote. Vice President-elect Kamala Harris has been focused on the transition to the Biden administration but returned to the chamber for her first vote since winning the election.


Shelton, a conservative economics commentator, is opposed by Senate Democrats, most economists and many former Fed officials for her past support of the gold standard and for writings that questioned the Fed’s political independence. Under the gold standard, the U.S. dollar’s value is tied to gold. Under that approach, the Fed has had less leeway to adjust interest rates even in a severe recession.

Sen.-elect Mark Kelly (D-Ariz.) is likely to join the Senate when the chamber returns from its Thanksgiving break. That could leave Shelton short of support for confirmation even if Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) seeks a revote next month.

Another Republican opponent, Sen. Lamar Alexander of Tennessee, missed Tuesday’s vote, and his return could cement Shelton’s fate, even after Sen. Rick Scott (R-Fla.) and Sen. Charles E, Grassley (R-Iowa) return to the chamber after quarantining because of exposure to the coronavirus.

McConnell initially voted “aye” but changed his vote to reserve the option to call a second tally if he can line up the votes. Another potential supporter, Sen. Bill Cassidy (R-La.) missed Tuesday’s vote. All in all, accounting for absences and the arrival of Kelly, who defeated Sen. Martha McSally (R-Ariz.), Shelton would appear to be one vote short, assuming there won’t be a revote this week. The Senate is slated to be recessed next week for Thanksgiving.

Trump spokesman Judd Deere tweeted Tuesday that the White House remains “confident that Judy Shelton will be confirmed upon reconsideration.”

Shelton was approved by the Senate Finance Committee on a 13-12 party-line vote in July. Senate Democrats criticized her for appearing to flip-flop on many positions, including near-zero interest rates. She opposed ultra-low rates during President Obama’s administration but supported them after Trump took office and demanded that the Fed lower its short-term benchmark rate.

“Shelton has shown herself to be an economic weathervane, pointing whichever direction she believes the partisan winds are blowing,” said Minority Leader Charles E. Schumer (D-N.Y.).

As a member of the Fed’s powerful Board of Governors, Shelton would vote on the Fed’s rate decisions and on banking regulations. The governors also vote on whether to institute emergency measures, such as the Fed’s decisions in March to start buying corporate bonds for the first time and institute a raft of programs to bolster financial markets.

Still, on her own, it’s unlikely that Shelton would have much effect on Fed policy, economists have pointed out. The central bank operates by consensus, and Fed governors rarely dissent from interest rate decisions, though Fed bank presidents do. For now, the Fed has pegged its benchmark rate to near zero. Fed officials have said they expect it to remain there until at least 2023. Shelton is nominated to fill a term that expires in 2024.