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Senate fails in attempt to block Trump administration’s $23-billion arms deal with United Arab Emirates

A U.S. fighter pilot and crew members prepare an F-35 for a mission in the United Arab Emirates in 2019.
(U.S. Air Force)

The Senate fell short Wednesday in trying to halt the Trump administration’s proposed $23-billion arms sales to the United Arab Emirates, despite bipartisan objections to the package of F-35 fighter jets and drones stemming from a broader Middle East peace agreement.

Senators argued that the sale of the defense equipment, which Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo formally authorized last month after the Abraham Accords that normalized relations with Israel, was unfolding too quickly and with too many questions. The administration has billed it as a way to deter Iran, but the Emirates would become the first Arab nation — and only the second country in the Middle East, after Israel — to possess the stealth warplanes.

“Can a lasting peace be purchased with more weapons?” Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.) said in a speech ahead of the vote.

Congress has shown a willingness to confront Trump in one main area — on defense policy. But on Wednesday the effort to turn back the arms sales failed to reach the 51-vote majority needed for passage. Trump was expected to veto the two resolutions anyway.

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The showdown over the sale, alongside sweeping bipartisan support for the annual defense bill despite Trump’s threats to veto it, is potentially a final power struggle between the executive and legislative branches in the final weeks of Trump’s presidency. The Senate will take up the broader defense bill soon.

The Trump administration has approved a new major arms sale to Taiwan and is slapping sanctions on Chinese officials over the crackdown on pro-democracy advocates in Hong Kong.

Action is halted for now, though the House, where Democrats have control, would probably be able to pass a bill rejecting the sales.

Sen. Christopher S. Murphy (D-Conn.) said in a statement after the vote that he was eager to work with President-elect Joe Biden’s administration “to take a closer look at each of these sales before any transfers are completed.”

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Murphy said the United Arab Emirates’ track record in war-torn Yemen and Libya and its “complicated” relationships with China and Russia raise concerning questions.

“I’m not here to say that we shouldn’t be in the security business with UAE,” Murphy, a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said during the debate.

But, he said, “without resolving those issues, is this the moment to be selling for the first time ever F-35s, armed drones into the heart of the Middle East?”

The arms sale emerged after the U.S. brokered the Abraham Accords to normalize relations among the Emirates, Bahrain and Israel.

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In notifying Congress last month, Pompeo said the authorization of the sale was in recognition of the “deepening relationship” with the United Arab Emirates and its need to deter threats from Iran.

Pompeo said the “historic agreement” reached with the Abraham Accords offered a “once-in-a-generation opportunity” to transform the region’s “strategic landscape.”

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The sale, worth up to $23.37 billion, includes dozens of F-35s, advanced armed drone systems and a package of air-to-air and air-to-ground munitions. It may not become final until next year.

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Sen. Robert Menendez of New Jersey, the top Democrat on the Foreign Relations Committee, said a list of questions senators sent to Pompeo and then-Defense Secretary Mark Esper about the arrangement remained unanswered.

A classified briefing for senators did not appear to adequately answer their questions.

“We must assert our congressional prerogative,” Menendez said. Voting “sends a message to the executive branch.”

Israeli officials have previously expressed some concern about an F-35 sale. But in October, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu appeared to confirm Israel’s consent.

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On Wednesday, senators narrowly rejected one resolution to disapprove the F-35 sales, 49 to 47, and the other over the sale of armed drones, 50 to 46, in procedural votes largely along party lines. That’s far short of the two-thirds majority that would have been needed to overcome a potential presidential veto.

Even after Wednesday’s setback, Congress is poised to approve the sweeping annual defense bill despite Trump’s objections.

Trump has warned he would veto the bill over a provision to study stripping the names of Confederate leaders from U.S. military bases. He also wants lawmakers to include an unrelated provision to clamp down on the big technology companies over what Republicans, and some Democrats, say is unfair treatment on social media platforms like Twitter and Facebook. But lawmakers say the tech provision doesn’t belong in the defense policy bill.


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