Haitian gang leader charged in kidnapping of U.S. missionaries

Atty. Gen. Merrick Garland speaks at a news conference.
The leader of a Haitian gang is the first person charged by prosecutors in the Justice Department, led by Atty. Gen. Merrick Garland, above, with having any involvement in the kidnapping of Christian missionaries, including 16 Americans.
(Patrick Semansky / Associated Press)

Federal prosecutors in the U.S. have charged the leader of a notoriously violent Haitian gang in connection with the kidnapping of 16 Americans last year, the Justice Department said Tuesday.

Germine Joly, 29, who is also known as “Yonyon,” is accused of leading the 400 Mawozo gang and is the first person charged by Justice Department prosecutors with having any involvement in the kidnapping of t missionaries with Christian Aid Ministries, an Ohio-based agency. He was extradited to the U.S. last week and faces separate charges in a firearms trafficking case, prosecutors said.

For the record:

5:39 p.m. May 10, 2022An earlier version of this article referred to the leader of the Haitian 400 Mawozo gang as Joly Germaine. His name is Germine Joly.

The indictment says Joly was in a Haitian prison during the kidnapping but was able to direct his group’s operations, including ransom negotiations for the captives’ release. One of the stated goals of the hostage-taking was to get the Haitian government to release Joly from prison, prosecutors said.


A total of 17 people from the missionary group — 12 adults and five minors — were abducted Oct. 16 shortly after visiting an orphanage in Ganthier, in the Croix-des-Bouquets area, the group has said. The group included 16 Americans and one Canadian.

Twelve of the captive missionaries escaped during a daring overnight caper, eluding their kidnappers and walking for miles over difficult, moonlit terrain with an infant and other children in tow. The group navigated by stars to reach safety after a two-month kidnapping ordeal, according to officials with the Christian Aid Ministries.

An unidentified person made a ransom payment that freed three of 17 missionaries held hostage in Haiti, colleagues of the kidnap victims say.

Jan. 6, 2022

Their captors from the 400 Mawozo gang initially demanded millions of dollars in ransom. Five other captives had earlier reached freedom. It is unclear whether any ransom was paid. The 12 hostages who escaped were flown to Florida on a U.S. Coast Guard flight and later reunited with the five hostages who had been released earlier.

Joly is due to make his first court appearance Wednesday. It was not immediately clear whether he had a lawyer to comment on his behalf.

“This case shows that the Justice Department will be relentless in our efforts to track down anyone who kidnaps a U.S. citizen abroad,” Atty. Gen. Merrick Garland said in a statement. “We will utilize the full reach of our law enforcement authorities to hold accountable anyone responsible for undermining the safety of Americans anywhere in the world.”