Mexican authorities have arrested a man in connection to the disappearance earlier this year of three Italian men in the western state of Jalisco, a case that triggered angry street demonstrations in Italy denouncing Mexican police.
Prosecutors said Monday that they arrested Jose Guadalupe Rodriguez Castillo, an alleged member of the Jalisco New Generation Cartel, over the weekend in the city of Guadalajara.
They accuse Rodriguez of paying police in the small Jalisco town of Tecalitlan to turn the three men over to the Jalisco drug cartel.
The victims, 60-year-old Raffaele Russo, his 25-year-old son Antonio Russo and his 29-year-old nephew Vincenzo Cimmino, were apparently in Mexico selling electric generators and other imports. Raffaele Russo disappeared first on Jan. 31, according to his family back in Naples, after he went to Tecalitlan by himself to try to make some business deals.
When they didn’t hear from him, Raffaele Russo’s son and nephew went to the town and tried to locate him by tracing his car’s GPS, the family said. They said the pair were quickly surrounded by local police and taken into custody. The men have not been heard from since.
The case has sparked outrage in Naples, with residents marching in the streets and the city’s beloved Napoli soccer team unfurling a large banner in its stadium that read, “Free the Neapolitans in Mexico.”
Earlier in the year, Mexican authorities arrested several police officers in connection with the case. They also said the entire police force in Tecalitlan was dispatched for additional “training” after the Italians’ disappearance.
Authorities say they don’t not know what ultimately happened to the men, but shortly after their disappearance, Jalisco’s attorney general, Raul Sanchez Jimenez, suggested the Italians were part of a ring peddling fake machinery. Raffaele Russo had been arrested in the southern Mexico state of Campeche three years ago on suspicion of selling false goods, Sanchez said, although it was unclear whether he was ever formally charged or prosecuted in that case.
Authorities said Rodriguez, the suspect arrested in connection to the disappearance, was detained with another man and found with marijuana, amphetamines and guns.
They said Rodriguez, who is also known as The 15th and Don Lupe, is a regional leader of the Jalisco cartel, which has become the most powerful criminal group in the country in just a few years.
The group’s rise, which is thanks in part to the systematic weakening of other cartels whose leaders have been killed or arrested, has corresponded to a nationwide surge in violence.
Last year, there were a record 31,174 homicides in Mexico, according to new data released this week by the national statistics institute. That figure is substantially higher than the 29,168 homicides previously reported for 2017 by the Interior Ministry. The discrepancy is due to each agency’s method of counting. Whereas the statistics institute visits morgues to collect information, the Interior Ministry counts homicide investigations, which sometimes involve multiple victims.
The new figure means Mexico saw 6,615 more homicides in 2017 than in 2016 — a 27% increase — and more than twice as many as eight years ago.