Basic human rights being eroded in Venezuela, United Nations says

Patients at the Health Ministry in Caracas, Venezuela, protest the lack of supplies and adequate healthcare. The demonstration on June 5, 2018, was among hundreds that have erupted around the country in recent months.
Patients at the Health Ministry in Caracas, Venezuela, protest the lack of supplies and adequate healthcare. The demonstration on June 5, 2018, was among hundreds that have erupted around the country in recent months.
(Edwinge Montilva / EPA/Shutterstock )

Government security forces in Venezuela carry out unjustified killings without any apparent consequences as the rule of law in the country quickly vanishes, a United Nations report charged Friday, drawing a rejection from Caracas.

The Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights said Venezuelan officers accused in some 500 questionable killings appear to be evading any charges. That is a sign that checks and balances have been chiseled away, leaving state authorities unaccountable, said Zeid Raad Al Hussein, the high commissioner.

The report highlights the case early this year in which rebel police officer Oscar Perez and six in his group were shot to death as they tried to surrender. U.N. officials say they believe the group was executed on orders from top government officials in violation of their basic rights.


“The rule of law is virtually absent in Venezuela,” Zeid said in the report. “The impunity must end.”

Venezuela rejected the report as “grotesque media farce” that omits information officials in Caracas provided to investigators. The findings are part of an international push against Venezuela led by United States officials, the ministry said.

“Venezuela reiterates its unrelenting commitment to human rights set out in Venezuela’s Constitution and international treaties,” officials in Caracas said in a statement.

However, U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres “believes that the numbers are truly shocking,” deputy spokesman Farhan Haq said later Friday at U.N. headquarters. He said Guterres believes the report “attests to the need for political dialogue and a fully inclusive political solution” to the problems roiling Venezuela.

Venezuela is in the grips of a deepening political and economic crisis marked by food and medicine shortages and soaring inflation that has driven thousands to flee the country.

The government has drawn international condemnation since last year when officials loyal to President Nicolas Maduro formed a constitutional assembly, robbing power from the democratically elected congress, which is controlled by the opposition.


The U.N. report looks at cases of excessive government force seen beyond violent street protests and also cites examples of officials threatening or detaining healthcare workers for shedding light on the lack of medicine and poor conditions.

The report says that between 2015 and 2017, some 357 officers were placed under investigation stemming from 505 killings during supposed neighborhood raids.

But Venezuela’s attorney general, who was critical of Maduro, was replaced last August, and no more information about the prosecutions has become public, the report said. It added that evidence appears to have vanished from case files.

“The state appears neither able nor willing to prosecute serious human rights violations,” Zeid said, suggesting the International Criminal Court play a deeper role.

Venezuelan officials, who often decry outside meddling in their affairs, did not allow U.N. officials into the country to compile the report, so investigators gathered information remotely and included interviews with victims, witnesses, lawyers and doctors.

The report sheds light on the death of Perez, who was killed in January when government forces hunted his group down to a mountain hideout outside Caracas. He had been Venezuela’s most-wanted fugitive after attacking government buildings in a stolen police helicopter.

The report says 400 officers armed with assault rifles and an anti-tank rocket-propelled grenade launcher surrounded Perez, who was seen on video calling to surrender. Police later recovered from the house four rifles, a pistol and two hand grenades, the report says.

U.N. officials say their investigation leads them to believe that officials who report directly to Maduro executed the seven rebels in violation of their human rights and then destroyed evidence.